81  A Model of Human Consciousness (Global Cultural Evolution)  Marcus Abundis <marcus@cruzio.com> (unaffiliated, Santa Cruz, CA)
   Evolutionary efficaciousness is measured in how well a given species adapts itself to its environment. In applying this premise to humanity, a model of global human cultural evolution is hypothesized. This exploration of Human Creativity focuses on: - emergence of humanity's direct conscious sense (personal ego), - the field of reasoning from which this conscious sense arises (imagination), - the field of reasoning that follows (knowledge), - and the system in which all is bound together (evolution). All else is derivative - a litany of subsequent emergent events (worship, war, work) endlessly folding back upon themselves, revealed as "civilization." This study begins with the organism that originally births humanity, Earth. Earth's geologic record shows at least five episodes of mass extinction followed by recovery. From these episodic cycles of Earthly death and rebirth, five evolutionary dynamics are named. The millennia-long interplay of these five dynamics brings greater diversity and complexity of life, until we arrive at the species of our epoch; including humankind with its challenges of consciousness. Earth's overarching evolutionary dynamics set the stage upon which human consciousness awakens. These dynamics organically stress (test) all organisms for viability, and trigger within humanity's adaptive psychology an “adverse relationship” with environment. A central focus of evolutionary fitness (rivalry with Nature’s adversity) mars humanity’s psyche with a sacred wound, as it appears "Mother wants to kill us?!" This sense of adversity provides evolutionary catalyst (bootstraps consciousness) and draws us to move expansively from discomfort to comfort. We are thus physically and psychologically charged to create adaptive responses, cultivating our "experience of consciousness." The sacred wound presents a paradox central to humanity’s continued expansion of consciousness. It lives in all intellectual and spiritual questions of unity vs. diversity (Earth-Mother vs. humanity) as the mythologizing of Natural adversity. Resolution of paradox begins in primal innocence at The Great Leap Forward (a state of unconscious unity) and evolves towards fully-manifest awareness (god-self, unity consciousness), prompting many states of consciousness along the way. But it is adversity that awakens humanity's unique creative spirit-dynamo to birth successive states of consciousness as a principal adaptive response. Our struggle with paradox fluoresce human consciousness towards diversity and complexity, following Earth's own metabolic trend. Humanity’s mirroring of Earth's evolutionary tendency (diversity and complexity) suggests functional means for human expressiveness. This expressiveness is mapped to Earth's five evolutionary dynamics, using five gender-paired archetypes. Our mirroring of Earth's evolutionary dynamics via these five archetypes (bio-culturalism) propels human consciousness across time. Humanity's bio-culturalism is amplified in these gender-paired archetypes and the mythic devices they enable. At a first level, "high/middle/low dreaming" archetypes reflect the hopes of humanity (creativity) set against Nature’s adversity, also seen in humanity's triune psyche: id, ego, superego, and other important triads. Deepening interoperation of this triune psyche completes two more of the five archetypes to create actualized archetypes. Actualized archetypes latently emerge as diverse but interdependent “realities” for individuals, communities, social enterprises, nation-states, etc. (civilization).   P

82  Quantum spaces of human thinking  Valentin Ageyev <ageyev@mail.kz> (psychology, Kazakh National University, Almaty, Almaty, Kazakhstan)
   Thinking is ability to transform objective relations of nature in the purposes of human actions. Objective relations are quantized relations and devided into four types: casual, regular, system and relations of genesis. The human thinking has quan-tized character too as it is determined by quantized objective relations. Random relations are displayed by magic (sensual) type of thinking. Regular relations are displayed by mythological (intuitive) type of thinking. System relations are displayed by rational (logic) type of thinking. Relations of genesis are displayed by creative (historical) type of thinking. Magic (sensual) thinking is the way of transformation of objective random re-lations in the sensory purposes of spontaneous actions. The man operating spontane-ous way, recreates probable space of nature. Spontaneous action is determined by the sensory purpose which is a product of magic (sensual) thinking. Mythological (intuitive) thinking is the way of transformation of objective regular relations in the perception purposes of regular actions. The man operating in the regular way, recreates the ordered space of nature. Ordering action is determined by the perception purpose which is a product of mythological (intuitive) thinking. Rational (logic) thinking is the way of transformation of objective system rela-tions in the symbolical purposes of system actions. The man operating in the system way, recreates holistic type of nature. System action is determined by the symbolical purpose which is a product of rational (logic) thinking. Historical (creative) thinking is the way of transformation of objective rela-tions of genesis in the sign purposes of creative actions. The man operating in the creative way, recreates historical space of nature development. Creative action is de-termined by the sign purpose which is a product of historical (creative) thinking. Magic (sensual) thinking is the way of "cutting" in the nature of its first quan-tum space – probable. Products of magic (sensual) thinking are the "states" ("prob-ability") which are representing themselves as the purposes of spontaneous actions. As the result of spontaneous actions their purposes turn to the "magic" (sensual) knowledge expressing random character of nature. Mythological (intuitive) thinking is the way of "cutting" in nature of its second quantum space – regular. Products of mythological (intuitive) thinking are «object structures» ("orders") which are representing themselves as the purposes of regular actions. As the result of regular actions their purposes turn to the "mythological" (in-tuitive) knowledge expressing ordered character of nature. Rational (logic) thinking is the way of "cutting" in nature of its third quantum space – holistic. Products of rational (logic) thinking are «object forms» («formal logic»), representing themselves as the purposes of system actions. As the result of system actions their purposes turn to the rational (conscious) knowledge expressing holistic character of nature. Historical (creative) thinking is the way of "cutting" in the nature of its fourth quantum space – historical. Products of historical (creative) thinking are «genesis forms» («genesis logic»), representing themselves as the purposes of creative actions. As the result of creative actions their purposes turn to the historical (sensible) knowl-edge expressing historical character of nature   P

83  Concurrency, Quantum and Consciousness  Francisco Assis <fmarassis@gmail.com> (Electrical Engineering, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Brasil, Campina Grande , Brasil)
   In this paper we review facts on theory of consciousness due to three authors: Tononi, Sun and Petri. In[1] Tononi proposes that consciouness level of a system can be measured capacity to integrate information and that quality of consciousness is given basically by the topology of the system. The ``system'' in the Tononi's theory is modeled by a graph G = (V, A, P ), where V = {1,\ 2,\ldots n } is the set of vertices, A subset ov V X V, is the set of edges and P is a probability distribution on the vertices V. In the Tononi's approach, A stand for causal relation between vertices connected, i.e. an edge means existence of a causal relation between its vertices. Following this setup the "amount of consciousness" of the system was associated with the minimum information bipartition. The first contribution of this paper is repositioning the measure proposed by Tononi in the framework of concurrency theory due to Petri[2]. One very remarkble issue of the Petri's theory is its physical motivation, it was sought to determine fundamental concepts of causality, concurrency, etc. in a language independent fashion. Also for insiders it is easy see that concepts of line, cuts and process unfoldering of a marked net correspond respectively to physical concepts of time-like causal flow, space-like regions and solution trajectories of a differential equation. For example, in paradigm of concurrency theory and its developments, e.g., Savari[3], the graph proposed by Tononi is a noncommutation graph. The new pointview we develop is consistent with Sun[4] applications of the idea of that success of physical theories settles on a hierarchy of descriptions similar the modular hierarchy found in computer and eletronic systems. For example, it is well known that unconscious processes cannot generate a complex verbal report while conscious activation can do it. Access consciousness and phenomenal consciouness are taken in consideration and related to other detailed levels of perception, memory. However Sun is clearly interested in constructing a computational machinery able to behaviour like a conscious being. At this point, we change the gear to treat more fundamental ontological aspects of the conscious experience itself and its relationship with quantum physics. The main remark is that concurrency theory with support of an ontologic status can offer a consistent start to a theory of counsciouness. [1] Gulio Tononi, "An Information Integration Theory of Consciousness", BMC Neuroscience, 5:42:1-22, 2004 [2] Carl Adam Petri, "Concurrency Theory", In Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 2-4, 1987 [3] S A Savari, "Compression of Words Over a Partially Commutative Alphabet", IEEE Trans. on Information Theory, 50(7):1425-1441, July 2005 [4] L. Andrew and Ron Sun, "Criteria for an Effective Theory of Consciousness and Some Preliminary Attempts", Consciouness and Cognition, 13:268-301, 2004  P

84  Consciously 'chosen' Quantum Design   Gerard Blommestijn <gblomm@gmail.com> (Amstelveen, Netherlands)
    This presentation is based on the view that the self as 'I' experiences the outcome of the quantum mechanical (QM) reduction process related to the ultimate step of perception in the brain and this is the subjective perception. In the same way the self chooses the outcome of a QM reduction process that forms the initial step of a motor activity in the brain and this is the subjective choice. This thesis proposes that these QM reduction processes are not only connecting consciousness to perception and choice in humans, but also in all other life-forms (with or without brains) and even in the most primordial (bio) chemical compounds leading to the evolution of life. Compared to the standard scientific way of understanding nature, an essence of consciousness is added, this being totally subjective, experiencing and choosing 'I'. So, the 'subjectiveness' of a molecule 'chooses' the outcomes of reduction processes that determine the actions of this molecule (all according to the quantum mechanical probabilities). For instance, at the start of the evolution of life, a molecule 'chooses' outcomes that are moving towards being an essential part of the beginning of the first 'proto-cell'. Here the same principle may be at work as we see when light passes through a succession of many slightly tilted polarizing filters; repeated quantum measurements of the polarization of the photons 'guide' it in a more and more tilted direction. In the same way the continuous conscious perception and 'choice' of biomolecules may quantum mechanically 'guide' (beginning) living systems through their 'design' steps. This principle of consciously 'chosen' Quantum Design will be explained, as well as its application to the processes shaping life and evolution, largely according to the ideas of Johnjoe McFadden documented in the book 'Quantum Evolution' (ed. Flamingo 2000).   P

85  Two Gedankens, One Answer; Cloudy weather on the Mind/Body Front  Michael Cloud; Sisir Roy;Jim Olds <mcloud1@gmu.edu> (Krasnow Institute, George Mason University, Centreville, Virginia)
    We consider approaches whose purpose is to investigate the relationship between consciousness/mind and matter/brain hardware in the context of testable theories. If consciousness is to be resolved as strictly arising from matter in a testable manner it would follow that one of two strategies should be pursued: importing objective data into consciousness, or exporting of subjective conscious experience out to the objective world. We therefore investigate two gedankenexperiments. One involves feeding objective brain state information (e.g. MRI-like data) to the subject of that data in real time, and subsequently asking the same subject to make experimental observations of that data. The second experiment is to consider the issues arising from a calculation (or testable Prediction Engine) attempting to predict its own future behavior. We suggest that both questions involve significant practical difficulties, and raise the question of whether they can be completed in the general case. We conclude with the question of whether under very basic requirements on hardware, the issue of subjective vs. objective can be testably resolved.  P

86  Reassessing the Relationship between Time and Consciousness  Erik Douglas <erik@temporality.org> (Philosophy (Science, Physics, Time...), Independent Scholar, Portland, OR)
   I begin with a review of the key empirical results and ideas forwarded concerning the relationship between time and consciousness over the past twelve years. Time is, of course, a fundamental variable and background notion in most theories, and this is no less the case with explanations about the origin of consciousness. However, our understanding of time is itself heavily dependent of our interpretation of mind and human experience, and herein we find the kind of circular semantic relationship between key notions that suggests itself as a potentially fruitful approach to disclosing elements of the Hard Problem of consciousness to genuine scientific investigation. Following an overview of the general problem space as it is at present, I will turn to my own research into making one very important facet – perhaps the essential feature – of time explicable: the so-called passage of time. Making temporal transience explicit means finding a way to articulate its properties so as to avail them to scientific and physical inquiry. I undertake this through the construction of models which distinguish the qualities ascribed to time in its many applications and contexts, with special attention given to two classes of temporal models: Rhealogical and Chronological. I will use Smythies (2003) JCS article as a point of departure, but significant parts of this talk will draw from my recent published work (cf. Douglas, 2006) and will incorporate material from an forthcoming article to be submitted to the JCS. As a philosopher, my intent is less to answer ill-conceived questions than to repose them in the first place so that they may be properly subject to empirical study. As such, it is my hope to engender a new direction to pursue in how we think engage the study of consciousness.   P

87  The Affect is all at once cognition, motivation and behaviour  Veronique Elefant-Yanni, Maria-Pia Victoria Feser Susanne Kaiser <veronique.elefant-yanni@pse.unige.ch> (Affective sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland)
   We commonly perceive semantic terms, which characterize the affect a person feels, on a bipolar continuum, going from merry to sad for example. However in affective sciences, there is a persistent controversy about the number, the nature and the definition of the affect structure dimensions. We consider the affect as the momentary feeling a person has at any time that is induced by the situation as a whole, including internal and external stimuli. Responding to the methodological criticisms addressed to the preceding studies, we conciliated the principal theories regarding the affect structure with the same experimental setting. In particular, using the semantic items all around the circumplex we found three bipolar independent dimensions and using only the PANAS semantic items, we found two unipolar dimensions. Finally, we propose a heuristic theorization of affect based on a current firmly established in social sciences, coherent from semantics to sociology, but largely ignored by researchers in affective sciences, that allows to postulate that affect is all at once cognition, motivation and behaviour. The affect is an ever-present inconscious monitoring process of our environment, but it is also as a summation the first conscious source of knowledge that disposes us, mind and body, to respond to this situation. As the affect aggregates and makes the summation of all those many informations of our situation in no time, we should consider its relation with the quantum consciousness hypothesis.  P

88  Imagine consciousness as a single internal analog language formed of ordered water forged during respiration in concert with experience.  Ralph Frost <refrost@isp.com> (Model Development, Frost Low Energy Physics, Brookston, IN)
   Common sense tells us that all of the abstract math symbols and expressions are secondary, and thus arise from some primary, internal "analog math". That is, that the abstract stuff is wildly secondary and that only the analog-energetic stuff is primary. Cutting our layered cake in this new manner lets us focus on the stuff that's not in the streetlight's intense glare. Pawing around out beyond the paradigmatic shadows, fumbling through the debris, searching for the right analog math then becomes some sort of quest for a new imagery that's somehow related to our baseline energetics. Keeping things simple, that means that we're looking first at the respiration reaction: organics + oxygen -> carbon dioxide + water + new parts + some energy flow This reaction, recycling carbon back from the flip-side of photosynthesis, powers the down-gradient neurology and everything else. Thus, that entire nervous segment must also be sort of secondary or just more involved in output/communications functions. Plus this view says that where ever there is high oxygen consumption there ought to be a high, stochiometric formation and flow of newly formed/forming water molecules -- a.k.a., a highly rational, wildly repeatable internal analog math process, influenced by the "vibrations' passing through each site where the reaction is taking place. Since a water molecule generally is a tetrahedral-shaped unit with two plus, and two minus vertices, within any enfolding field there are at least six ways each molecule can form or emerge. Considering n-units forming in a sequence, this leads directly to a highly rational 6^n internal analog math. Setting n=12, 6^12 gives us 2,176,782,336 different ways to scribble these 12 units together. n=8, or n=13, or n=16, gives us different sorts and sets of associative/logical patternings -- more variations on the same theme. Allowing that the repeating patterns of vibrations in the surroundings play THE big role in which patterns keep repeating in the sequences of water molecules that keep emerging, we arrive rather quickly at a moderately logical feel for the common internal analog math "language" that runs in the unconscious, subconscious, and conscious regions, plus the senses, memory storage (short-term, and when water patterns are bound with organics, longer-term), plus imagination-creativity, "feelings and impressions", and provides one way to hook fight-flight impulse-momentum directly to motility. That is, we get a quick and dirty introductory view of our common "wave mechanics". Is this THE internal analog math? You tell me. Put it to the experimental test. Stop breathing and find out what happens to your consciousness.   P

89  The sum over history interpretation of neural signals applied to orientation sensitive cortical maps.   Roman Fuchs, Gustav Bernroider <Roman.Fuchs@sbg.ac.at> (Organismic Biology, Neurosignaling Unit, Salzburg, Austria)
   Higher level brain functions correlate with the spatio-temporal signal dynamics behind ensembles of nerve cells. The overall situation can be figured as a mapping of the history of membrane currents to the absence or presence of a nerve impulse at a given time and location.This general frame includes all possible signal amplitudes including the quantum scale that causally precede the stimulus sensitive activity of engaged nerve cells. Neural activities along this view can be considered as complex projection amplitudes that do not have to follow a single unique path, but can comprise a large set of alternatives in coherent superposition. The physics behind this concept goes back to the sum over history interpretation, originally proposed in the diagrammatic perturbation theory of R. Feynman. In a previous paper we have applied Feynmans perturbation theory to phase dependent coding mechanism in the brain (Bernroider et al 1996). Here we demonstrate its applicability in the analysis of layer 2 iso-orientation sensitive cortical acivity maps (*). The theoretical background and, in particular, the relation to studies of neural correlates of consciousness (NCC) will be given in a separate paper (Roy and Bernroider, this issue). Bernroider G, F. Ritt and EWN Bernroider (1996), Forma, 11, 141-159 Roy S and Bernroider G, this issue (*) Images of cortical activity maps were generously supplied by T. Bonhoeffer, MPI Munich   P

90  Consciousness as a black hole: perceptory cell and dissociated quantum   Johann Ge Moll <Johanngmoll@gmail.com> (Department of Psychiatry,Hospital Karlucovo, Medical Academy Sofia, Bulgaria, Sofia, Bulgaria)
   1)Unlike the traditional opinion Consciousness doesn't participates into the Reduction of Wave Function, but is responsible for the reverse procedure of the “Restoration of the Wave Function”, retransforming back the Perception Function into Wave Function. 1,1) Similar to a Black Hole, the Consciousness swallows matter and energy, and radiates back Information 2) The Consciousness is an ontological mechanism for de-materialization and de-temporalization: Consciousness dematerializes the body. Here it plays the role of a cosmological machine for re-transformation of the Macroscopic Present into Quantum Future. This re-transformation of the Present into the Future occurs as a transformation of the Present into Memory. 3) The transformation of the Actualistic Energy into Possibilistic Information occurs as a transformation of the Forgetting Fantasizing Energy into Remembering Form, or – briefly – transformation of Time-Oblivion into Memory. 4) The transformation of the Macroscopic Present into Quantum Future has the following consequences: Transformation of the Actualistic Universe into Possibilistic Universe. 5) The transformation of Actualistic ontology into Possibilistic ontology is equal to Transformation of Asymmetry into Symmetry. 6) Symmetry is a logical equivalent of Objective Memory = Objective Memory= Omni-Order = Omni-Arrangement = Chaos = Pseudo-Entropy = Quantum Future = Kingdom of Possibility = Objective Knowledge = Information. 7) As a Black Hole, Consciousness curves time in perpendicular direction and forms Perpendicular Simultaneous Instantaneous Time. 8) By gathering together all Past, Present and Future, Consciousness performs Contraction of Time. 9) As “Time Contraction,” Consciousness verticalizes the Epochs. 2. We described the human organism as a system of two contrary ontological simultaneous movements: the Movement of “Materialization” and the movement of “De-materialization.” The act of transformation of Possibilistic Objective Knowledge into Actualistic Subjective Matter, which takes place as transformation of Possibilistic Quantum Future into Actualistic Macroscopic Present (insofar as the Possibilistic Quantum Future is the kingdom of Knowledge and the Actualistic Macroscopic Present is the kingdom of Matter), are responsible for the movement of “Materialization.” That transformation of Quantum Future into Macro-present occurs as the notorious act of reduction of the Wave Function. It is precisely that reduction of the Wave Function, which transforms the Wave Functions of Information into the Perception Functions of matter and the body, and these Perception Functions, in turn, build the Perception organs and the personal perception cell structures and organs of the body. The Force and the Impulse standing behind the above-mentioned movement of transformation of the Possibilistic future into Actualistic present, and performing the act of reduction of the Wave Function (and actually streaming from the Spirit – Matter) is the World Asymmetric Anti-gravity Force, which is realized subjectively as an act of Fantasy, and the analytically working Consecutive Temporal Intellect, and is objectively presented as an act of “Objective Chance-Fantasy.” The reverse process of reverse Re-transformation of Actualistic Subjective Matter into Possibilistic Objective Knowledge is responsible for the reverse movement of de-materialization, which occurs as reverse transformation of the Actualistic Macroscopic Present into Possibilistic Quantum Future. This reverse re-transformation of the macroscopic Present into Quantum Future occurs as an act of “Restoration of the Wave Function.” The Restoration of the Wave Function is realized as re-transforming back of the Perception function of matter and body into a Wave Function of Information. Consciousness is the organ, which performs this reverse process of “Dematerialization” of the body and Matter.   P

91  The enhanced perceptual state  Catarina Geoghan <cgeoghan@ntlworld.com> (Brighton, England)
   In the early stages of psychosis, the prepsychotic phase, and also during meditation, individuals frequently experience enhanced perceptual sensitivity, whereby sights and sounds appear brighter and louder than usual. It will be argued that this is due to increased facilitation of a coherent reference frequency. This is based on a holographic model for perception according to which increased coherence results in increased response to perceptual stimuli.   P

92  Reveals the core secret of mind and it's mechanism   Sanjay Ghosh, Papia Ghosh <yogainstruments@yahoo.co.in> (NA, Spectrum Consultants, Howrah, West Bengal, India)
    Our world needs a singular answer which can satisfy entirely the quest about mind and it’s mechanism. Now,the question is,can we expect to get such an answer by following the conventional process of observation?Certainly not.Then what should we do?We need to follow a completely new method of observation.What could be the necessary feature for such an observation technique?It must be a process based on new nature of instruments and the act of observation will be of three folds in nature,as like,a)first,we have to learn the art of extracting energy or apparent consciousness from all sorts of instruments b)second,we have to enter into the network of our dormant nervous system,the other name of which is finer part of mind c)finally,we need to know the technique of contemplation on natural objects,like,huge celestial and various earthly bodies. The accumulated power and the quantum of consciousness as to be earned by said succession,will boost one to enter into the causal start of manifestation,so of mind.There the number of active elements to be seen have been reduced into one and that itself will pronounce as the answer of ‘what mind is’!By the time,the mechanism of working of mind to be fully known,because,one will cross the entire track----starting from super gross artificial instruments to bio-physiological instruments and lastly the natural instruments. In fact,our urge towards manifesting ourselves in the name of nature,creates tremendous resistance within ourselves and therefore,we become complex or opaque in nature.So,on the other side,if by adoption of some method ,we can be able to reduce our resistance,we will start becoming simple,so almost transparent. The said transparency is actually the universal nervous body with unlimited quantum of power.The whole purpose of human being is to realize that condition by uniting with real consciousness. Our new package consisting of 236 instruments will lead you to attain such condition in quickest possible time.In Quantum Mind 2007,we propose to give live demonstration for a set of 3 instruments for immediate understanding. These instruments are 1)Near Vision Instrument:This will unvail the secret of conversion from transparent to opaque object and vise versa without using any chemical reagent or applied electricity. 2)Net Metallic Lens Instrument:The metallic ingradients of our body how largely affects our vision and creates tremendous illusion that is to be seen physically by this instrument. 3)Eye Electricity Instrument:The most sensitive as well as vital organ “eye”how produces a variety of unknown nature of power,one will be able to experience from this instrument. Finally,this paper in actual term, is a live demonstration of the mechanism of our Mental Syndrome.   P

93  A soul mind body medicine - a complete sould healing system using the power of soul   Peter Hudoba, Zhi Gang Sha, MD (China) <sharesearchfoundation@yahoo.ca> (Sha Research Foundation, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada)
   In recent decades, there has been an upsurge of new concepts of treatment. Words like “integrative,” “complementary,” “alternative” and “holistic” now permeate not only the healthcare field, but also everyday discussion. Various forms of mind-body medicine have become more and more popular, to the point of being widely accepted. These modalities emphasize the mind-body connection, which encompasses the effect of our psychological and emotional states on our physical well-being and the power of conscious intent, relaxation, belief, expectation and emotions to affect the health. Authors of this paper discuss the Soul Mind Body Medicine as an adjunct healing modality to conventional standard medical treatment. Mind over matter is powerful, but it is not enough. Soul over matter is the ultimate power. The healing power of the mind and soul can be used in conjunction with any and all other treatment modalities. Dr. Hudoba and Dr. Sha present techniques utilizing mind and soul power with special body postures that are very simple, powerful and effective. Positive results can be achieved relatively quickly. These simple healing practices can be easily taught to patients to support and enhance their healing process. Authors support their presentation with examples of their clinical research using the power of mind and soul in the healing of cancer and in development of human being.   P

94  Unified Theory of Bivacuum, the Matter, Fields & Time. New Fundamental Bivacuum - Mediated Interaction and Paranormal Phenomena.  Alex Kaivarainen <H2o@karelia.ru> (Dept. of Physics, University of Turku, Turku, Finland)
    The coherent physical theory of Psi phenomena, like remote vision, telepathy, telekinesis,remote healing, clairvoyance - is absent till now due to its high complexity and multilateral character. The mechanism of Bivacuum mediated Psi - phenomena is proposed in this work. It is based on number of stages of long term efforts, including creation of few new theories: 1) Unified theory of Bivacuum, rest mass and charge origination, fusion of elementary particles (electrons, protons, neutrons, photons, etc.) from certain number of sub-elementary fermions and dynamic mechanism of their corpuscle-wave [C - W] duality (http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0207027); 2) Quantitative Hierarchic theory of liquids and solids, verified on examples of water and ice by special, theory based, computer program http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0102086); 3) Hierarchic model of consciousness: from mesoscopic Bose condensation (mBC) to synaptic reorganization, including the distant and nonlocal interaction between water clusters in microtubules (http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0003045); 4) Theory of primary Virtual Replica (VR) of any object and its multiplication. The Virtual Replica (VR) of the object, multiplying in space and evolving in time VRM(r,t) can be subdivided on surface VR and volume VR. It represents a three-dimensional (3D) superposition of Bivacuum virtual standing virtual pressure waves (VPWm) and virtual spin waves (VirSWm), modulated by [C-W] pulsation of elementary particles and translational and librational de Broglie waves of molecules of macroscopic object (http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0207027). The infinitive multiplication of primary VR in space in form of 3D packets of virtual standing waves: VRM(r), is a result of interference of all pervading external coherent basic reference waves - Bivacuum Virtual Pressure Waves (VPW+/-) and Virtual Spin Waves (VirSW) with similar waves, forming primary VR. This phenomena may stand for remote vision of psychic. The ability of enough complex system of VRM(r,t) to self-organization in nonequilibrium conditions, make it possible multiplication of VR not only in space but as well, in time in both time direction - positive (evolution) and negative (devolution). The feedback reaction between most probable/stable VRM(t) and nerve system of psychic, including visual centers of brain, can by responsible for clairvoyance; 5) Theory of nonlocal Virtual Guides (VirG) of spin, momentum and energy, representing virtual microtubules with properties of quasi one-dimensional virtual Bose condensate, constructed from ’head-to-tail’ polymerized Bivacuum bosons (BVB) or Cooper pairs of Bivacuum fermions (BVF+BVF) with opposite spin. The bundles of VirG, connecting coherent nuclears of atoms of Sender (S) and Receiver (S) in state of mesoscopic Bose condensation, as well as nonlocal component of VRM(r,t), determined by interference pattern of Virtual Spin Waves (VirSW), are responsible for nonlocal interaction,like telekinesis, telepathy and remote healing; 6) Theory of Bivacuum Mediated Interaction (BMI) as a new fundamental interaction due to superposition of Virtual replicas of Sender and Receiver, because of VRM(r,t) mechanism, and connection of the remote coherent nucleons with opposite spins via VirG bundles. For example VirG may connect the nucleons of water molecules, composing coherent clusters in remote microtubules of the same or different 'tuned' organisms. Just BMI is responsible for macroscopic nonlocal interaction and different psi-phenomena. The system: [S + R] should be in nonequilibrium state for interaction. The correctness of our approach follows from its ability to explain a lot of unconventional experimental data, like Kozyrev ones, remote genetic transmutation, remote vision, mind-matter interaction, etc. without contradictions with fundamental laws of nature. For details see: http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0103031.  P

95  Sequences of combinations of energy levels that describe instances of self and invoke a current instance of self  Iwama Kenzo <iwama@whatisthis.co.jp> (z_a corp., Hirakata, Osaka, Japan)
   This paper describes a summary of a robotic program, and puts forth a hypothesis of a brain structure by getting hints from the robotic program as well as the psychophysical results. The robotic program has the following functions: 1) forming sequences of assemblies of components in such a way that the sequences of assemblies of components match inputs from its outside world, 2) keeping and retrieving sequences of assemblies of components in / out of its memory, 3) generalization, and 4) specialization. The generalization process finds common features and relations among various cases of the sequences, and the specialization process makes generalized sequences match a new instance of inputs. The paper explains that the robotic program acquires concepts about its world; the program describes the concepts in sequences of assemblies of components. Our hypothesis of a brain structure is the following: The brain forms sequences of combinations of energy levels. Combinations of energy levels are like E1+E2 = E = E3+E4+E5. When a brain receives inputs from its outside including motor activities, energy generated by the inputs change molecular fine structures and their energy levels. Combinations of changed energy levels make quantum entanglements occur and energy flow. Molecular (and biological) changes of a bit larger scale (Hebbian learning level) are invoked when the energy flow does not go further. The molecular changes of a bit larger scale make the energy flow further and do not occur again when the brain receives the same inputs in the next time since the changed molecular structure become a path of the energy flow invoked by the same inputs. Thus the molecular changes of a bit larger scale encapsulate the changes in the molecular fine structures. The quantum entanglements with molecular structural changes form paths of energy flow, and this explains memory function of the brain. After a large number of combinations of energy levels are encapsulated, Combinations of Energy Levels that are Common to various cases (CELC) are invoked when entanglements occur upon receiving inputs. Energy kept in the combinations of the energy levels (CELC) generate molecular changes of a bit larger scale and encapsulate the combinations of the energy levels (CELC) in the same way as described above. Time sequence in the inputs is also represented in time dependent quantum entanglements among combinations of energy levels encapsulated by molecular changes of a bit larger scale. Sequences of combinations of energy levels match sequences of energy levels invoked by sequences of inputs, but time scales are different from those of the inputs. Combinations of energy levels represent roughly two types of properties: one type represents those specific to certain inputs (including motor activities), and the other type (or CELC) represents generalized properties. Given a set of new inputs at time T, quantum entanglements occur among energy levels encapsulated (both specific and generalized) as well as energy levels of working area of the brain. Temporary entanglements among combinations of energy levels in the working area match the new inputs (specialization), and the next sequence describes inputs that the brain will probably receive at time T + delta T. Entanglements that describe the probable next inputs generate motor activities if no inputs are given from its outside world at time T + delta T. Since quantum entanglements among combinations of energy levels encapsulated represent past and generalized activities, the past and generalized activities make current motors active. Then one can claim that consciousness occurs because past and very general activities described in the combinations of the energy levels invoke activities in a working area that generate a current motor activity. In other words, a described self invokes an instance of self at the next moment.   P

96  Why I’m not an “Orch Or”ian?  Mohammadreza(Shahram) Khoshbin-e-Khoshnazar <khoshbin@talif.sch.ir> ( , Tehran, Iran)
    In my opinion “Orch OR” model 1.violates conservation of energy and 2.does not match with experience. 1.Let us look at the following problem: Just after childbirth, a mammal can recognize her young. However, a mom can not. Actually, she accepts any infant as her child! If a mom looks at her “false” infant, then she’ll feel a “false” subjective experience. Please note that this situation is more complex than previously assumed!! “Orch OR” can solve one part of this problem. There are zillion universes for humans and the number of possible space-time configurations is enormous, so the number of combination of states is quite large. These choices for human can be thought of as consciousness. Notice, however, there is only one real universe and all other possible universes are false universe. The false (virtual) universe allowed by the uncertainty principle and therefore, similar virtual particles” exist for only so short time. But a mom can create a virtual universe. This violates the law of conservation of energy. While, for mammal that consciousness is meaningless, there is no conservation of energy problem, since all of the parallel universes are the same (and actual). 2. “Orch OR” model face at least two important obstacles: first, quantum computation requires isolation (decoherence) and second it is unclear how quantum state isolated within individuals neurons could extent across membranes. To overcome the first problem, it assumes acetylcholine binding to muscarinic receptors act through second messengers to phosphorlate MAP-2 , thereby decoupling microtubules from outside environment, and to overcome second problem it assumes quantum state or field could extend across membranes by quantum tunneling across gap junction. Therefore, if we block muscarinic receptors (with atropine), or impair gap junctions, we’ll expect abnormality in cognitive behaviors. I have not checked first idea, but in 2001, Guldengel et al. produced a mouse with no gap junctions, but apparently normal behavior. In addition, in the X chromosome-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, mutations in one of the connexin genes (connexin 32) prevent this connexin from forming functional gap junction channels. However, apparently , there is no reported abnormality in cognitive behaviors.   P

97  An Operational Treatment of Mind as Physical Information: Conceptual Analogies with Quantum Mechanics  Sean Lee <seanlee@bu.edu> (Office of Technology Development, Boston University, Boston, MA)
   A novel approach to consciousness as an operationally definable natural phenomenon within the framework of physical information is explored. Any meaningful connection of consciousness to the physical requires an unambiguous mapping of a space of subjective states onto information bearing elements of a physical theory, independently of the former's final ontological, causal and semantic status. At the same time, any such operational definition requires, by the definition of the phenomenon in question, that the mapping be performed by the experiencing subject. I argue that such a 'self-measuring' act leads unavoidably to an 'uncertainty principle' that is analogous in some intriguing ways to Heisenberg's principle for quantum mechanics. If we choose to ignore this uncertainty, then with the help of a thought experiment we can define what I call the 'r-equivalence' classes and 'E theory' of consciousness; essentially addressing what Chalmers refers to as the Easy problem. If we instead address this uncertainty and seek an 'H theory' of the Hard problem, we are lead to an account of subjectivity that exhibits two features strongly reminiscent of quantum theory: incomputability (randomness) and what we may think of as violations of local reality. While no direct connection between consciousness and quantum theory is postulated, the conceptual analogy may be made quite deep, perhaps with utility towards a future theory of consciousness.   P

98  How Quantum Entanglement Provides Evidence for the Existence of Phenomenal Consciousness  Reza Maleeh, Afshin Shafiee; Mariano Bianca <smaleeh@uos.de> (Cognitive Science, University of Osnabrueck, Osnabrueck, Niedersachsen, Germany)
   We believe that the rise of consciousness has to do with the concept “information.” So, we discuss a new concept of information, called “pragmatic information,” in a way put forward by Roederer (2005) according to which information and information processing are exclusive attributes of living systems, related to the very definition of life. Thus, in the abiotic world, according to this attitude, information plays no role; physical interactions just happen; they are driven by direct energy exchange between the interacting parts and do not require any operations of information processing. Informational systems are open, that is, the energy needed for information processing must be provided by another source other than sender or recipient. We show that such a characteristic has to do with a specific interpretation of “intentionality” which, again, is the exclusive attribute of living systems. We use the concept of pragmatic information to explain hypothetically many phenomena such as perception, long and short term memory, thinking, imagination and anticipation as well as what happens in the living cells. But there is more to this. We argue that when the complexity of a system exceeds a certain minimum degree, in certain conditions, to be discussed in detail, the mechanical and non-mechanical aspects of information are realized. The former happens with matter and energy exchange while the latter does not. The existence of the latter, to be considered as the prototype giving rise to phenomenal consciousness, can be characterized by preparing the entangled states of quantum particles. The idea is that the correlation between two entangled particles shows the intention of a living being who prepares an entangled state with an informational content which cannot be reduced to separated fragments. In this sense, we say that two entangled particles have an information-based relation without energy-matter signaling. This is a non-mechanical relation between the remote components of a composite system which is due to a non-reducible information content prepared by a purposeful setup provider. So, planned systems (to be called derived informational systems versus original ones) will be categorized as informational systems (mechanically or non-mechanically) just as they show the intention of a living system. To sum up, the phenomenon “entanglement” can be viewed from two different aspects: Firstly, the aspect which deals with the causal part of entanglement. From such a perspective, entanglement is, at least in principle, causally explainable in a contextual manner. Secondly, the aspect which has to do with the intentionality of the setup organizer. The purpose of the one who prepares an entangled state makes the phenomenon informational. Such a phenomenon will not happen in nature, because it needs an intentional living agent to separate the particles in a space-like manner. So, if we accept that there exists a non-mechanical informational relation between two entangled particles, it would be just because of the intention of a setup organizer, otherwise it could also have happened in nature. The existence of such a non-mechanical informational relation can be considered as evidence for the existence of phenomenal consciousness.   P

99  Model of Mind & Matter: The Second Person  Marty Monteiro <j.monteiro1@chello.nl> (Fnd.Int'l.Inst.Interdisc.Integr., Amsterdam, Netherlands)
   A general social model of human being is launched, focusing on the relation between mind and body. In constructing the human being’s mental and bodily architecture, the other human being is incorporated. From the point of view of the 1st person “I”, and the 2nd person “You”, the model pertains to the physical, mental and social process levels. From a growth-dynamic or evolutionary point of view, the physical reality is axiomatic to deduct the mental and social process level. “Interaction” is the key concept modelling all process levels of human functioning. The model is built up in the reference frame of two thinking tools, namely ‘finality’ as well as ‘causality’. The design of the mind-matter model centres on the phenomenon of 'interaction' between object- and between subject systems. Interaction is a simultaneous occurrence between events on physical, mental and social levels. By applying a rule to deduct the mental and social process levels from the physical level, departs from the question of ‘how’ the processes emerge and how their relationships to each other are established. In the reference frame of finality and causality, the process architecture on all levels provides a general basic social model of the human being. From an integrated point of view of the relation between the 1st and 2nd person, it is tried to unveil the mechanism of mind and matter. Recording of and acting upon environmental events of objects/subjects operates on physical, mental, and social levels. The physical level of stimuli is basic for the mental level. Through stimuli-interaction, mental cognition emerges. Cognition is primary social directed to get feed-back by perception extracting information from objects and subjects. The social level of re-corded norms in particular, are prerequisite for the formation and development of personality (long-term memory) and the emergence of new values from personality for building up a cul-ture. Attitude (short-term memory) mediates attuning communication and matching of values to create culture. Personality and culture are the end-results of human functioning. Modelling the architecture on physical, mental, and social levels, and the formation of person-ality and attitude-mediated culture, gives an answer to the question of ‘how’ these processes and systems emerge. It says nothing concerning the question of ‘why’ the human being performs his behaviour in that specific way. This issue refers to the household of energy flow in the reference frame of relative 'shortage-surplus'. From an imbalanced state, 'energy transaction' originates within a person, in order to bring about an energy balance in the framework of other objects/subjects. Through the exchange of psychophysical matter/energy of 'cost-benefit', subjective experience of ‘pain-pleasure’ takes place through 'energy transformation' – an op-eration of ‘fusion-fission’ between mind and matter. The hierarchical built up of personality and attitude-mediated culture is respectively a contra-evolutionary and evolutionary development. This development of personality towards men-talization on the one hand, and materialization of common culture on the other is not a linear event, but a discontinuous state transition. The human being is aware afterwards of the results of these transformational operations, but he is not able to know what happens within the ‘gap’, the discontinuous transitional evolution of the mind as well as matter. Therefore, personality development and natural/cultural evolution raises the ultimate problem concerning the question whether or not a universal force exists as a "unifying-creating force".   P

100  Spreading culture on quantum entanglement and consciousness   Gloria Nobili, Teodorani Massimo <gloria.nobili@fastwebnet.it> (Physics, University of Bologna, Castel San Pietro Terme, Italy)
   The subject of “quantum entanglement” in general doesn’t seem to be particularly considered in Europe in the form of popularizing books or of educational physics projects. These authors have started to spread out this kind of scientific culture in both forms, including popularizing seminars too. Concerning the entanglement phenomenon, recently, new thought experiments have been outlined, new laboratory results have come out in the form of real discoveries in quantum optics, new studies on “bio-entanglement” and “global consciousness effects” have been carried out, and very sophisticated new ideas have been developed in the fields of quantum physics, biophysics, cosmology and epistemology. These authors intend to show their effort of diffusing widely this growing scientific knowledge. Beyond all this there is a long-term strategy aimed at inculcating new concepts in physics in order to trigger the interest of scholars at all levels, in that which is probably the most innovative and interdisciplinary subject of the human knowledge of this new millennium. In order to accomplish this difficult task, these authors are acting in the following ways: A) explain, using intuitive examples, the basic physical mechanism (1, 2, 3, 4) of entanglement at the particle level; B) explain all the possible ways in which entanglement may involve quantum or “quantum-like” non-local effects occurring also in the macro scale (2, 3, 4) represented by biological (DNA bio-computing, microtubules), psychophysical (consciousness, synchronicity and Psi effects), astrobiological (neural spin entanglement), and cosmological (Bit Bang) environments; C) study and spread the scientific knowledge concerning alternative ways for the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (5) and – specifically – prepare research projects regarding possible non-local aspects of SETI (NLSETI) and their applicability (4) on the basis of our physics knowledge and technology; D) prepare extensive plans for post-graduate courses in physics (6) with a special address to “anomalistic physics”, brain biophysics and mathematics; E) train persons and students to reach optimal concentration states – by using well experimented techniques – in order to permit them to exploit at the maximum level their intellectual and consciousness potential. All of these educational and promotional actions are aimed at training people in understanding the strict link existing between physics and consciousness in all of its aspects, in the light of a probable general phenomenon that occurs at all scales by involving (micro and macro) matter, mind and consciousness. A strategy plan containing in a self-consistent way all of these aspects will be schematically illustrated. REFERENCES. BOOKS ( http://www.macrolibrarsi.it/autore.php?aid=4428 ) 1) Teodorani, M. (2006) “Bohm – La Fisica dell’Infinito”. MACRO Edizioni. 2) Teodorani, M. (2006) “Sincronicità”. MACRO Edizioni. 3) Teodorani, M. (2007) “Teletrasporto”. MACRO Edizioni. 4) Teodorani, M. (2007) “Entanglement”. MACRO Edizioni. ARTICLES 5) Teodorani M. (2006) “An Alternative Method for the Scientific Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life: ‘The Local SETI’”. In: J. Seckbach (ed.) “Life as We Know It”, Springer, COLE Books, Vol. 10, pp. 487-503. 6) Teodorani, M. & Nobili, G. (2006) “Project for the Institution of an Advanced Course in Physics” (in Italian). E-School of Physics and Mathematics by Dr. Arrigo Amadori. http://www.arrigoamadori.com/lezioni/CorsiEConferenze/MasterFisica/Master_Fisica_MTGN_e-school.pdf   P

101  The Golden Section: Nature's Greatest Secret  Scott Olsen <olsens@cf.edu> (Philosophy & Comarative Religion, Central Florida Community College, Ocala, Florida)
   "Resonance and Consciousness: buddhas, shamans and microtubules" -- Consciousness is one of the great mysteries of humanity. Like life itself, it may result from a resonance between the Divine (whole) and nature (the parts) exquisitely tuned by the amazing fractal properties of the golden ratio, allowing for more inclusive states of awareness. Penrose and Hameroff provocatively suggest that consciousness emerges through the quantum mechanics of microtubules. It is therefore a real possibility that consciousness may reside in the geometry itself, in the golden ratios of DNA, microtubules, and clathrins. Microtubules are composed of 13 tubulin, and exhibit 8:5 phyllotaxis. Clathrins, located at the tips of microtubules, are truncated icosahedra, abuzz with golden ratios. Perhaps they are the geometric jewels seen near the mouths of serpents by shamans in deep sacramental states of consciousness. Even DNA exhibits a PHI (golden ratio) resonance, in its 34:21 angstrom Fibonacci ratio, and the cross-section through a molecule is decagonal (a double-pentagon with associated golden ratios). Buddha said, "The body is an eye." In a state of PHI-induced quantum coherence, one may experience samadhi, cosmic conscious identification with the awareness of the Universe Itself.  P

102  Data reserve and recreating the memory in brain and the experimental witnesses suggesting it   Mojtaba Omid <mjtb_omid@yahoo.com> (Tabriz, Iran)
   In this hypothesis, at first the digital system is familiarized and then the concept of zero and one or existence or not existence as the digital base is generalized to two kinds of the electromagnetic waves spectrum from the body especially the brain and its cortex and it is indicated that the radio waves of the brain can be considered zero and the lack of radio waves as the result of the replacing infrared waves relating to the metabolism and high temperature of the brain, one ; since according to the rules of specially relativity and the difference of light speed (EM waves) in different environments, in the certain spectrum of the radio waves, the time passing equal zero but it is not zero in the infrared waves, them the data obtained from the sensory organs to the brain and cortex are ciphered and are reserved as zero and increasing the speed of time passing as the result of the reciprocity of two radio and infrared spectrums and the recreation of these codes is accomplished according to the same processes which is described in the paper. Finally, in the second part of the article some witnesses are represented through the images provided by the equipments PET and f MRI from the brains of the patients with different mental and functional problems. In these patients the normal metabolism of the brain is destroyed which disorders the 0 and 1 system to form the codes and their reserve and recreation; these experimental observations prove the hypothesis.   P

103  Embryological embodiment of protopsychism and Wave Function  Jean Ratte <jean.ratte@holoener.com> (Centre Holoénergétique, Montreal, Quebec, Canada)
   According to Goethe the human body is the most sensitive tool to detect subtle process that technological devices cannot. It is still true 200 years later. Despite all the interesting data, neurobiological imagery is invasive and alters the subtle aspects of Mind process. For the last 20 years we use a clinical in vivo non invasive procedure that bridges this Incommensurability between physical correlates and the consciousness This Vascular Semantic Resonance (VSR),3D spectrometer, brings quantum microtubular level to macroscopic clinical detection, and shows symmetry or entangled resonance between map and territory, between molecule and the entangled memory or name of the molecule, between syntax and semantics. The Cardiovascular network is a harmonic oscillator manifold bringing the quantum microtubular level to macroscopic clinical detection Vascular system and microtubule are coupled harmonic oscillators (Abstract #330 Tucson 2 and # 977 Tucson 3). There is Amplification of microtubules and receptor canals vibrations by the cardiovascular system which works as a resonant cavity, an interferometer, a multiplexing waveguide, a manifold. (See Roger Penrose; Road to Reality). Resonance between micro-oscillators such as pericorporeal pigments and cellular pigments is the physical basis of VSR. . The vibratory equivalence, of micro-oscillator pigments and ideograms, of phonemes and morphemes, is the biophysical basis of V S R, a complex biological spectrogram, accessing directly the meaning of signs, the qualia of quanta, resonating not only to the molecule but also to the entangled memory or functional signature of the molecule, detecting symmetry between Implicate and Explicate order. This method shows the human body as radar, an interferometer not only for EM waves, but for the 4 fundamental interactions in their matter and antimatter aspects. VSR shows a Vibratory Parallelism between embryological stages and the 4 fundamental interactions.Operative or vibratory identity is not ontological identity. The first undifferentiated stage or Morula resonates to Gravitation. The second stage, Blastula, differentiates in Ectoderm and Endoderm with polarization of space in inside and outside. Ectoderm resonates to EM field. Endoderm, polarisation of anterior and posterior, resonates to Weak Nuclear field. The third stage or Gastrula gives rise to the multiplexing mesoderm manifold, polarisation of time with bilateral symmetry, which resonates to Strong Nuclear Field. This clinical tool gives new insights in the puzzle of consciousness by showing a multilevel vibratory commonality between Protopsychism, Wave function, Non Locality, Curvature Tensor and Gravitational field and Degeneracy. These concepts resonate like the undifferentiated or prelogical stage or Morula. There is a vibratory scale resonance between quantum level and molecular, cellular and organism levels.DNA shares a vibratory identity with Wave Function (W.F) or Protopsychism. Transcriptase implements a W.F collapse on RNA. Reverse Transcriptase brings back to DNA wave function, or Degeneracy. Gametes Proliferation vibrates like W. F and Fecundation like Collapse of the W.F. Potentialization or Non Local vibrate like W. F and Actualization or Local vibrate like Collapse of W F These clinical results indicate that W F is not only a mathematical device but a true subtle biophysical process like Protopsychism. The Understanding of Vibratory commonality between quanta and qualia, between cosmogenesis and ontogenesis, between matter and antimatter fields such as Vitiello’s double, requires a quantum leap from « neuroectodermic »geometry to « mesodermic » Riemann hypergeometry (see Roger Penrose).Morula is Prelogic. Ectoderm is Logic of non contradiction,wave or particle. Endoderm is Logic of contradiction, wave and particle. Mesoderm is Logic of crossed double contradiction,hypersymmetry matter-antimatter.   P

104  Life and Consciousness  Michael Shatnev <mshatnev@yahoo.com> (Akhiezer Institute for Theoretical Physics, NSC KIPT,Kharkov,Ukraine)
   We first consider the observational problem in quantum mechanics and the notion of complementarity. Then, following Niels Bohr, we discuss the complementary approach to problems of quantum mechanics, biology, sociology, and psychology in more detail. In general philosophical perspective, it is very important that, as regards analysis and synthesis in these fields of knowledge, we are confronted with situations reminding us of the situation in quantum physics. Although, in the present case, we can be concerned only with more or less fitting analogies, yet we can hardly escape the conviction that in the facts which are revealed to us by the quantum theory and lie outside the domain of our ordinary forms of perception we have acquired a means of elucidating general philosophical problems. Next we shortly discuss that quantum mechanics is not complete and therefore may be completed. For this purpose a new mathematical carcass of physics is needed, and, we try to show how to find it. Finally, using these approaches, Deutsch’s, Dyson’s and Penrose’s attitudes, we show how the notions of life and consciousness are connected.   P

105  Visions as special form of an altered state of consciousness   Josiah Shindi <josiahshindi@yahoo.co.uk> (Psychology, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria, Makurdi, Benue, Nigeria)
   The paper reviews Biblical accounts of visions. Several persons who claimed to have seen visions in the last five years were interviewed using structured questions. Results indicate that there are some similarities between the visions reported in the Bible and those of the participants in the study. Precipitating and exasperating factors in vision are discussed together with the visions’ content. Evidence point to the notion of special altered state of consciousness during the period of visions, specifically during the hyponagogic and hypnopompic states.  P

106  Metacognitive awareness: adopting new tasks for the remediation program for dyslexics  Malini Shukla, Jaison A. Manjaly <malini.shukla1@gmail.com> (Centre for Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences , University of Allahabad, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India)
   In this paper we aim to evaluate the role of metacognitive awareness in remediation programs adopted for Dyslexics. The remediation program PREP (PASS Reading Enhancement Program) focuses on cognitive remediation of reading problems by improving the information processing strategies that underlie reading, while at the same time avoiding the direct teaching of word reading skills. It also includes a self comparison of children with dyslexia between their training course experience and the new strategies employed by them after being consciously aware about their deficits. It was observed that Dyslexics were using self learning strategies which motivated them for independent learning. This new self learning techniques were adopted in comparison to the metacogntive awareness of their disability and also initiated a comparative assessment of their disabilities with the peer group. This shows that PREP has helped them in enhancing their metacognitive skills by enabling them in controlling and manipulating cognitive processes; and giving them the knowledge about the regulatory skills; and how to utilize these skills on the basis of being consciously aware about their deficit in reading. Thus their monitoring ability on their own performance has given an impetus to their overall performance. Researches (Tuner and Chapman, 1996) have shown that metacognitive regulation improves the performance in number of ways, which make use of better attentional resources, better use of existing strategies and a greater awareness of comprehension breakdown. The remediation program showed that formation of self helps Dyslexics to perform better. The awareness that I am disabled encourages them to employ better learning techniques. In the light of these observations, we propose that the current structure of the remediation program PREP can be improved by including more tasks to enhance metacogntive awareness and tasks based on this newly evolved metacogntive awareness. We argue that addition of these new tasks can improve the remediation program PREP.   P

107  A New Approach to the Problems of Consciousness & Mind  Avtar Singh <avsingh@alum.mit.edu> (Center for Horizons Research, Cupertino, CA)
   Consciousness issues within the context of modern neuroscience and related problems in contemporary physics are addressed. Current theories of consciousness look towards information theory, information integration theory, complexity theory, neural Darwinism, reentrant neural networks, quantum holism etc. to provide some hints. These theories fall short of the rigors and quantitative measures that are normally required of a scientific theory. The most perplexing philosophical conundrums of the "hard problem" and "qualia" that afflict modern neuroscience can be resolved by a deeper understanding of the physics of the very small (below Planck scale) and very large (at the boundaries of the universe) scales. The modern philosophy of mind proposes that consciousness is a higher-order mental state that monitors the first or base state possibly generated by the brain. This paper builds upon the early approaches to consciousness wherein it was proposed that the state of self-consciousness is not a separate, higher-order consciousness of a conscious experience, but represents a continuum of the lower order states generated by the brain experience. In such a larger context, many of the mysteries of physics and neuroscience can be explained with an integrated model. This paper proposes such an integrated model that provides a direct relationship between the physics concepts of space, time, mass, and energy, and the consciousness concepts of spontaneity and awareness. The observed spontaneity in natural phenomena, which include human mind, is modeled as the higher order or universal consciousness. The integrated model explains the recent observations of the universe and demonstrates that the higher order consciousness is a universal rather than a biologically induced phenomenon. The neurobiological mind is shown to represent a subset of the complimentary states of the prevailing higher order universal consciousness in the form of the continuum of space-time-mass-energy. The proposed approach integrates spontaneity or consciousness into the existing and widely-accepted theories of science to provide a cohesive model of the universe as one wholesome continuum. The model represents the essential reality of different levels and dimensions of experience, both implicit and explicit, consciousness and matter, to be seen as equivalent and complimentary states of the same mass-energy known as the zero-point energy. The universal consciousness is shown to represent the spontaneous kinetic energy of the extreme kind, which is the ultimate complimentary state wherein everything in the universe is experienced as the zero-point energy field in a fully dilated space and time continuum.  P

108  Does attention mediate the apparent continuity of Consciousness? : A change detection Perspective   Meera Mary Sunny, Jaison A. Manjaly <meeramary1@gmail.com> (Center for Behavioural And Cognitive Sciences, Allahabad University, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India)
   Dennett (1991) argues that most of the theories of mind, irrespective of their ontological commitment, presuppose a Cartesian theater and continuity of consciousness. He claims there is no such theater where everything is re-presented. In other words, there is no boundary line which decides the onset of consciousness. He proposes multiple draft model of consciousness as an alternative to Cartesian theater and to minimize the problem of continuity of consciousness. Multiple drafts model claims to show that the apparent continuity of consciousness results from the brain's ignoring of irrelevant or unavailable information and not 'filling in' as suggested by other theorists. This paper shows the inherent problems with this claim. We argue that if one can convincingly claim that attention is a continuous process, it can also be shown that the apparent continuity of consciousness results from this feature of attention. Dennett apparently down plays the role of attention in this unification. He looks at consciousness as a continuously edited draft, without a final published material and accounts this as the dynamicity of consciousness. This paper shows the dynamicity of attention and eventually the possibility that the apparent continuity of consciousness is a feature of the underlying attentional mechanisms using results from an experiment that makes use of the change detection paradigm with hierarchical stimuli.   P

109  Implicit activities in auditory magnetoencephalograpy (MEG)  Yoshi Tamori, Noriyuki Tomita <yo@his.kanazawa-it.ac.jp> (Human Information System Laboratory, Kanazawa Institute of Technology, Hakusan-shi, Ishikawa, JAPAN)
   It is well known that unimodal peek responses exist at only the beginning of MEG waves. Despite of the existence of continuous base tone (CBT: A4=440[Hz] pure tone), the magneto encephalographic (MEG) responses look to have been gone to the background noise later than the onset peaks (N1m and P2m). Even if there might continue introspective perception after the onset responses, the amplitude of MEG response to the secondary tone stimuli generally decreases. It is unknown what kind of neural processing exists in such silent activity period in terms that MEG activity has been gone. Although such silent activity period might be showing perceptual acclimatization, corresponding representation or activity should exist in the brain as long as the existence of introspective perception. In order to investigate the feature of such silent activity period, we added to the continuous base sound (or switched from the continuous base sound to) an extra pure tone of another frequency five hundred millisecond after the onset of continuous base tone. All the sound stimuli in the present experiment were presented to the left ear. In the present study, unimodal response was appeared in the MEG waves one hundred millisecond after the onset of the secondarily applied base tone. This peak is considered to be N100m counterpart of secondarily applied base tone. Current dipoles were estimated by the algorithm based on Savas law. The values of GOF (goodness of fit) for the adopted dipoles were larger than 95% fit. All the estimated current dipoles (ECDs) for N100m are located in the right primary auditory cortex (A1). The amplitude of the secondary peaks during the silent activity period appeared to be depending on the distance, in terms of wave frequency, of the secondary tone from the continuous base tone. In the present study, the cosine component of fixed A1 dipole for the overlapped secondary tone was decreasing, as the frequency approaches to CBT’s. We choose several frequencies (e.g. A4#=466[Hz]; D4#=311[Hz]; G4#=415[Hz]) for the secondarily applied tones. The latency of the secondary applied A4# sound was always larger than the one for the other secondary sounds. Our whole-head type MEG system consists of 160 axial gradiometers with SQUID sensors. The gradiometers have 15 mm diameter and 50 mm baseline. The gradiometers are arranged in a radial manner around the helmet. All the subjects are right handed and they can discriminate the frequency difference of the presented sounds. The loudness of the presented sounds are all calibrated/flattened by 70[dB(A)] considering the property of the perceptual loudness curve in ISO 226:2003. Contained noise in the measured magnetic fields was reduced by averaging techniques over several sessions. It has been suggested that some kind of implicit activity exists in the silent activity period in MEG responses. This frequency dependent depression could be qualitatively explained by a tonotopically aligned inhibitory neural network model. The underlining mechanisms are, however, remaining still unknown matter for the implicit activity. Relation to the consonant feature in the frequency dependent depression will be discussed in the presentation.   P

110  Anomalous light phenomena vs bioelectric brain activity   Massimo Teodorani, Gloria Nobili <mlteodorani@alice.it> (Cesena (FC), Italy)
   We present a research proposal concerning the instrumented investigation of anomalous light phenomena that are apparently correlated with particular mind states, such as prayer, meditation or psi. Previous research by these authors (1, 2) demonstrate that such light phenomena can be monitored and measured quite efficiently in areas of the world where they are reported in a recurrent way. Instruments such as optical equipment for photography and spectroscopy, VLF spectrometers, magnetometers, radar and IR viewers were deployed and used massively in several areas of the world. Results allowed us to develop physical models concerning the structural and time-variable behaviour of light phenomena, and their kinematics. Recent insights and witnesses have suggested to us that a sort of “synchronous connection” seems to exist between plasma-like phenomena and particular mind states of experiencers who seem to trigger a light manifestation which is very similar to the one previously investigated. The main goal of these authors is now aimed at the search for a concrete “entanglement effect” between the experiencer’s mind and the light phenomena, in such a way that both aspects are intended to be monitored and measured using appropriate instrumentation. In order to reach this task the test subject would be checked by using portable neurophysiologic instruments such as an interactive brain visual analyzer (IBVA), a brain holotester and a skin conductance detector. These measurements are intended to be carried out in optimal simultaneity with a high-resolution digital camera for photometry and photography, a videocamera, a low-resolution holographic grating for spectroscopy, a VLF-ELF computer-assisted spectrometer, a triaxial magnetometer, and a computer controlled random event generator (REG). At the same time a high-precision timing is intended to be set up in order to check the level of simultaneity of both the brain phenomenon and the light phenomenon, and the temporal and morphologic evolution of both phenomena. In both cases redundant calibrations and background noise extraction procedures are planned. This is a quantitative research project in the field of both photonic/plasma physics and biophysics, and it is based on very well tested previous experimental research on plasma light-phenomena and on a theoretical biophysics background concerning the brain electric activity. Of most importance, a correlation between VLF-ELF data and bioelectric activity is searched. This group has already at their disposal at least one “test subject” who is very willing to participate to this kind of experiments. The goal of this research project is twofold: a) to verify quantitatively the existence of one very particular kind of mind-matter interaction and to study in real time its physical and biophysical manifestations; b) to repeat the same kind of experiment using the same test-subject in different locations and under various conditions of geomagnetic activity. REFERENCES. 1. Nobili G. (2002) “Possible bio-physical interference of the electromagnetic field produced by Hessdalen-like lights with human beings”. Workshop on Future Research on the Hessdalen Project, Hessdalen, August 10, 2002 : http://hessdalen.hiof.no/reports/Workshop2002_Gloria_ABSTRACT.pdf 2. Teodorani M. (2004) “A Long-Term Scientific Survey of the Hessdalen Phenomenon”. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 18, 2, 217-251. http://www.scientificexploration.org/jse/articles/pdf/18.2_teodorani.pdf   P

111  Proto-experiences and Subjective Experiences  Ram Lakhan Pandey Vimal <rlpvimal@yahoo.co.in> (Neuroscience, Vision Research Institute, Acton, MA)
   We present an argument for proto-experiences without extending physics. We define elemental proto-experiences (PEs) as the properties of elemental interactions. For example, a negative charge experiences attraction towards a positive charge; this "experience" is defined to be the PE of opposite charges during interaction. Similarly, PEs related to the four fundamental interactions (gravitation, electromagnetism, weak, and strong) can be defined. Thus we introduce experiential entities in elements in terms of characteristics of elemental interactions, which are already present in physics. We are simply interpreting these properties of interaction as PEs. One could argue that there is no shred of evidence for "what it's like" to being an electron being "attracted" to (say) a single proton. However, it is unclear what else electron will "feel" towards proton other than a force of attraction, and we define it as the PE of an electron for a proton. The experience (such as attraction/repulsion) by ions that rush across neural-membrane during spike-generation is called neural-PE. Neural-PEs interact in a neural-net, and neural-net PEs somehow emerge and get embedded in the neural-net during development and sensorimotor tuning with external stimuli. A specific subjective experience (SE), for example, redness is selected out of embedded neural-net color PEs in visual V4/V8-red-green-neural-net when a long wavelength light is presented to our visual system. Similarly, when signals related to neural-PEs travel along the auditory pathway and interact in auditory neural-net, auditory SEs emerge. Thus, the emergence of a specific SE depends on the context, stimuli, and the specific neural-net. What way is our hypothesis different from the straight-forward physicalist view (SEs are emerged entities in neural-nets from the interaction of non-experiential physical entities, such as neural signals)? [This has led to explanatory gap or 'hard problem'.] The difference is that we acknowledge the existence of experiential entities in physics, where the emergence of SE from experiential entity such as PEs is less 'brute' than that from non-experiential matter. What way is our hypothesis different from panpsychism [1]? Panpsychism requires extending physics by adding experiential property to elements, which lacks evidence. Our hypothesis does not require extending physics; it simply interprets the existing and well accepted properties of elemental interactions, which have significant amount of evidence and are the building blocks of physical universe. Our hypothesis implies that non-experiential matter (mass, charge, and space-time) and related elemental proto-experiences (PEs) co-evolved and co-developed, leading to neural-nets and related PEs, respectively. Furthermore, there could be three types of explanatory gaps, namely the gap between (i) SE and the object of SE, (ii) SE and the subject of SE, and (iii) subject and object, where 'object' is internal representation. The hypothesis is that SE, its subject and its object are the same neural activity in a neural-net, where a neural activity is an experiential entity in our framework. These gaps are actually closed if the above hypothesis is not rejected; this trio appears distinct in our daily lives, but it is a sort of illusion because internally they are same neural-activity; when information related to ‘subject experiencing objects’ projected outside, objects in 3D appear with respect to reference subject. Moreover, SE cannot be objectively measured; it requires subjective research; however, the relative effect of SEs, such as that in color discrimination, can be measured objectively. Our hypothesis (a) contributes in bridging the explanatory gaps because experiential entities are introduced, (b) minimizes the problem of causation because our framework is in within the scope of physicalism, and (c) does not require extending physics.   P

112  Disorders of consciousness in schizophrenia: a reverse look at consciousness nature   Serge Volovyk <sv3@duke.edu> (Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina)
   Schizophrenia and consciousness represent the most challenging, mysterious and enigmatic interwoven phenomena. Despite of clinical pattern of schizophrenia since Kraepelin traditionally is assumed to spare consciousness problem, recent neurocognitive research have shown that certain functions of consciousness (sense of agency, self, memory, executive functions, insight, monitoring) could be impaired in schizophrenia and that this may account for symptoms such as depersonalisation, hallucinations, self fragmentation, disorders of memory, delusions of control, etc. Cognitive deficits are considered as specific symptom domains of schizophrenia. These at the first glance unrelated traits have common molecular dynamic nature and mechanisms. Cognitive impairments specific to schizophrenia in generalized sense of information processing reflect continuum of subtle dynamic molecular pathways ranging from perturbation in free radicals redox spatiotemporal homeodynamics with changing hemispheric biochemical dominance/accentuation including alteration of nitric oxide-superoxide complementarity, responsive redox signaling networks, concomitant alterations in genes expression and transcription, redox control of neurotransmission pattern, synaptic circuitry and plasticity to changes in neurogenesis and functional hemispheric asymmetry. Free radicals, primordial “sea” for life origin, evolution and existence, induced by cosmic and terrestrial background radiation, are evolutionally archetypal, ubiquitous, and omnipotent in physiological-pathophysiological dichotomy in brain / CNS. Free radicals dual immanent nature and functions in brain are based on their quantum-chemical dynamic charge transfer / redox ambivalence (interactional nucleo-, electro-, and ambiphilicity spectrum); corresponding spectrum of reactivity and selectivity; subtle borderline norm-pathology dichotomy with discontinuity threshold, physiological functional ambivalence and complementarity, and dynamic free radicals homeostasis. In given generalized framework global stable average incidents rates of “core” schizophrenia (and consciousness disorders as opposite side of phenomenon) at the molecular level may be considered as quantum-chemical stochastic phenomenon originally based on perturbation of free-radical redox brain signaling networks and disorder of information processing connected with effects of natural radiation background, seasonal variation in geomagnetic field, and solar cycles terrestrial activity superimposed upon individual’s immanent developmental trajectory.   P

113  New quantum approach to qualia, consciousness and the brain.  John Yates <uv@busi8.freeserve.co.uk> (London, United Kingdom)
   In this paper I do not rule out the possibility of including the consideration of results such as those of Jahn, Walach, Radin and others, in the spirit that I feel that, unlike much early USA scientific and technical opinion, I would not have effectively ruled out the possibility of the Wright Brothers as having discovered aviation. At the same time such results are certainly not paramount in considerations at this time. My approach uses category theory and a McTaggart A series as well as the conventional B series effectively used by Deutsch, Bohm and Penrose. This sounds philosophically and physically more realistic but at the present state of the art it may be required that the A series is a proper class. My theory will relatively easily link with any physically meaningful and duplicable NDE results which may be provided for example, by NDE experiments like those of Fenwick and Grayson and has many other advantages. Dream precognition results and ESP are very much denied by sceptics and on the whole by physicists. On dreams I certainly have not obtained precognition as such but noted apparent peculiar effects not dissimilar in superficial appearance. In psychology it is necessary to remember that many conclusions have been drawn and are repeatable from work like that of Strogatz. I favour dynamical systems psychology somewhat along the lines of Lange, but requiring an A series philosophy. By adding some ideas due to Stickgold and Hobson, I have already obtained preliminary surprising results. Presently I am proceeding to look at a structure somewhat along the lines of the Sprott work on psychology. I believe that through ignoring the McTaggart A series or trying to subsume the A series to within the B series, important opportunities are being lost and that early calls on quantum theory may be being made, when complex system theory could be more directly appropriate. http://ttjohn.blogspot.com/ presents the entire blog to date, including more work than that required here. The simplest appreciation of the situation may be that the present approach contains a past, a present and a future without further ad hoc additions and so in a sense exhibits qualities, generally recognised as certainly existing in human consciousness, but which are not obvious in theories which do not. Also it allows the existence of a God or Gods and free will (or indeed hypothetical gods or freewill) within its bounds, though does not insist on their existence a priori and in this sense it is more appropriate to consciousness theory than a conventional physics theory would be which almost excludes these factors or a theological theory which a priori insists on them. The absence of the possibility of freewill in a physical theory suggests solipsim or incompleteness rather than some disproof of free will and this is carefully avoided with the present approach, which yet contains much mathematics including all of quantum theory and high energy physics, together with chaos and catastrophe theories where relevant.  P