Institut für Geschichte
Universität Salzburg
WS 2000/01



This seminar has been selected as one of the American Studies Links
Recommended by Richard P. Horwitz, University of Iow

It is also featured under the Music section of the Dynamic Syllabi at the Crossroads Project

S E M I N A R   S Y L L A B U S

Jazz and American Popular Music at Home and Abroad

"Like Chaucer's poetry, which virtually begins the process of codifying the English language as a medium for sophisticated versification, [Louis] Armstrong's Hot Fives and Hot Sevens provide a wide launching pad from which the history of the art of jazz takes flight."
Robert O'Meally, liner notes to the 4-CD set of Louis Armstrong´s The Complete Hot Five & Seven
(Sony/Columbia; ASIN: B00004WK37 August 2000)

"You can't play nothing on modern trumpet that doesn't come from him, not even modern shit. I can't even remember
      a time when he sounded bad playing the trumpet. Never. Not even one time. He had great feeling up in his playing and he always played on the beat. I just loved the way he played and sang."
  Miles Davis über Louis Armstrong

"My basic assumption is that black music is not only conspicuous within but crucial to, black culture. It has often been asserted that music--its place in society and its forms and functions--reflects the general character of the society. It has, however, rarely been suggested that music is potentially a basis for social structure. Yet I contend that music is not only a reflection of the values of black culture but, to some extent, the basis upon which it is built. This places on the importance of musical expression a stress alien to the tradition of Western cultures. Music in Western societies is thought of, in general terms, as either popular (low-brow, vulgar) or classical (exalted or art music). The popular music is then dismissed as inconsequential, while the art music is elevated above the realm of everyday activity. Western theory tends to detach art from life, just as Western man tends to detach himself from both art and life. In black American culture, popular music is the exalted music; it is art that is vulgar in that it is the creation, responsibility, and property of the total community. In this sense, music begins to emerge as a potential foundation for social activity."
Ben Sidran, Introduction, Black Talk

                   "What we play is life." Louis Armstrong

WWOZ-FM Live Radio from New Orleans

Oct  12 Introduction

What is Jazz? Four lectures by Dr. Billy Taylor at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C

Wolfram Knauer, Jazz: Ein Überblick über die Jazzgeschichte (Jazz Institut Darmstadt)

The History of Jazz Music

Richard V. Duffy, Jazz Definitions

Terry Teachout, "Jazz Masterpieces: A Finale" in Commentary, January 2000

Blues and Jazz Discography Link Page

Louis Armstrong Centennial Celebration

Oct 19 What Is a A Social History of Jazz?

Theo Mäusli, "Ein Tanzorchester mit Schlagzeug ist eine Jazzband: Die Schwierigkeit, Jazz für sozialgeschichtliche Untersuchungen zu definieren" in T. Mäusli, ed., Jazz und Sozialgeschichte (Zurich: Chronos Verlag, 1994): 23-34.

Eric Hobsbawm, "Jazz since 1960" in E. Hobsbawm, Uncommon People: Resistance, Rebellion, and Jazz (New York: The New Press, 1998): 281-292 and 344-345.

Ben Sidran, "Introduction" and "The Black Musician in Two Americas: Early History-1917" in B. Sidran, Black Talk: xi-xvii and 30-52.

S. Frederick Starr, Der frühe Jazz: Legende und Wirklichkeit” in Klaus Wolbert (ed.), That´s Jazz: Der Sound des 20. Jahrhunderts (Frankfurt am Main, 1997): 79-102.

Nov 9 Jazz as an Urban and Migratory Music

Burton Peretti, The Creation of Jazz : Music, Race, and Culture in Urban America (Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1992) : 1-75.

Amiri Baraka, (LeRoiJones), Blues People: The Negro Experience in White America and the Music That Developed from It (Edinburgh: Payback Press, 1995, 1st edition 1963): 1-16.

North by South: A Study of African American Migrations from South to North

Kansas City: Paris of the Plains

Nov  16 Jazz Capitals and "Race Mixture"

Ann Douglas, Terrible Honesty: Mongrel Manhattan in the 1920's (New York, NY : Noonday Press, 1996): 303-386.

William Howland Kenney, Chicago Jazz: a Cultural History, 1904-1930 (New York, NY: Oxford Univ. Pr., 1994): 4-60 and 87-116.

Styles of Jazz

A Map of Jazz Styles by Joachim Berendt The Jazz Book and Joe Germuska

The Harlem Renaissance: A Portrait of Culture and Society

Jazz Styles

Die Stilarten des Jazz

Nov  23 The Sound of the 20th Century: At Home

History of Jazz Timeline from allaboutjazz

American Cultural History: The Twentieth Century (Kingwood College Library)

A Chronological Subject Guide ToAmerican Popular Music 1900-1950 (Kingwood College Library)

American Music from 1950 to Present (Kingwood College Library)

A Great Day in Harlem

Center for Black Music Research (Chicago)

Lewis Erenberg, "Swing Goes to War: Glenn Miller and the Popular Music of World War II" in Lewis A. Erenberg and Susan E. Hirsch, eds., The War in American Culture: Society and Consciousness During World War II (Chicago, London: The University of Chicago Press, 1996): 144-165.

Lewis A. Erenberg, "Things to Come: Swing Bands, Bebop, and the Rise of a Postwar Jazzscene" in Lary May, ed., Recasting America: Culture and Politics in the Age of Cold War (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989). 221-245.

Eric Porter, "Dizzy Atmosphere": The Challenge of Bebop" in American Music (Winter 1999): 422-446.

National Public Radio online: The 100 most important American musical works of the 20th century

Nov  30 The Sound of the 20th Century: Abroad

Eric J. Hobsbawm, "On the Reception of Jazz in Europe" in Mäusli, Jazz und Sozialgeschichte: 13-21.

Andre Millard, "America on Record: Recorded Sound as an Agent of Americanisation" in Phil Melling and Jon Roper, eds., Americanisation and the Transformation of World Cultures: Melting Pot or Cultural Chernobyl? (Lewiston, Queenston, Lampeter: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1996): 155-170.

Penny M. Von Eschen, "Satchmo Blows Up th World": Jazz, Race, and Empire during the Cold War" in Wagnleitner and May, Here, There and Everywhere : 163-178.

Frederick S. Starr, Red and Hot: Jazz in Rußland von 1917 – 1990 (Wien: Hannibal, 1990): 171-214.

Reinhold Wagnleitner, "Jazz, Pop Music and Rock ´n´ Roll" in R. Wagnleitner, Coca-Colonization and the Cold War: The Cultural Mission of the United States in Austria after the Second World War (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994): 193-221 and 320-323.

Kevin Whitehead, "Jazz Worldwide" in John Edward Hasse, ed., Jazz: The First Century (New York: William Morrow & Co.,2000)

Penny M. Von Eschen, "Satchmo Blows Up the World: Jazz, Race, and Empire during the Cold War" in Wagnleitner and May, Here, There and Everywhere:

R. Wagnleitner, The Empire of Fun, or Talkin´ Soviet Union Blues: The Sound of Freedom and American Cultural Hegemony in Europe During the Cold War" in
Austrian Information Washington, D.C. Volume 52, No. 3-6/7, March-July 1999 (four installments)

Leslie Gourse, "American jazz musicians once enjoyed a freedom and respect in France’s capital that they could never win at home" American Heritage (April 2000)

Peter Wicke, Populäre Musik im faschistischen Deutschland

Margo Jefferson, "When Black America Triumphed in France" The New York Times, 3 October 2000

City of Health--Colony of Homeless Children, January, 1961
Louis Armstrong in United Arab Republic
Unidentified photographer, Black and white photograph
Courtesy of Louis Armstrong Archive, Queens College, CUNY

Dec   7 Seminar Presentations

Dec 14 Seminar Presentations


Jan  11 Seminar Presentations

Jan  28 Seminar Presentations

Jan  25 Seminar Presentations

The following Jazz Oral History Project Interviews of the Smithsonian Institution are available in R. Wagnleitner´s office: Bill Coleman, Harry Sweets Edison, Erskine Hawkins, Jimmy McPartland, Cootie Williams and Kenny Clarke.

Sprechstunde: DO 15.00 – 16.00                                             Raum 2028                                                                Tel.: 8044/4733                                           



Jazz Bibliographie von Peter Wicke:

Louis Armstrong, In His Own Words: Selected Writings ed. by Thomas David Borthers (New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999)

Imamu Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) Blues People: the Negro Experience in White America and the Music that Developed from It (Edinburgh: Payback Press, 1995)

Joachim-Ernst Berendt, Das Jazz-Buch: von New Orleans bis in die achtziger Jahre; mit ausführlicherDiskographie. Überarb. u. fortgef. von Günther Huesmann. (Frankfurt am Main, 1997)

Robert Crunden, Body and Soul: The Making of American Modernism. Art, Music and Letters in the Jazz Age (New York: Basic Books, 2000)

Linda Dahl, Stormy Weather: The Music and Lives of a Century of Jazzwomen (New York: Pantheon Books, 1984)

Miles Davis with Quincy Troupe, Miles: The Autobiography (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990)

Ian Carr, Digby Fairweather and Brian Priestley, eds., Jazz : the Essential Companion (London: Paladin Grafton Books, 1990)

Lewis A. Erenberg and Susan E. Hirsch, eds., The War in American Culture: Society and Consciousness During World War II (Chicago, London: The University of Chicago Press, 1996)

Lewis A. Erenberg, Swingin' the Dream: Big Band Jazz and the Rebirth of American Culture (Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1998)

Samuel A. Floyd, jr., The Power of Black Music: Interpreting its History from Africa to the United States (New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995)

Gary Giddins, Satchmo: The Genius of Louis Armstrong (New York: Da Capo Press, 2001)

Ted Gioia, The History of Jazz  (New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997)

John Edward Hasse, Jazz: The First Century (New York: Morrow, 2000)

Ekkehard Jost, Sozialgeschichte des Jazz in den USA (Hofheim: Wolke-Verlag, 1991)

Michael G. Kater, Gewagtes Spiel: Jazz im Nationalsozialismus (München : Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verllag, 1998)

Ashley Kahn and Jimmy Cobb, Kind of Blue: The Making of the Miles Davis Masterpiece (New York: Da Capo, 2000)

Bill Kirchner (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Jazz (Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, October 2000)

Wolfram Knauer, ed., Jazz in Europa (Hofheim: Wolke-Verlag, 1994) (=Darmstädter Beiträge zur Jazzforschung; 3)

Theo Mäusli, ed., Jazz und Sozialgeschichte (Zurich: Chronos 1994)

Francis Newton (=Eric Hobsbam), The Jazz Scene (New York: Pantheon, 1993; 1st edition London, 1959)

Burton W. Peretti, The Creation of Jazz: Music, Race, and Culture in Urban America (Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1992)

Burton W. Peretti, Jazz in American Culture (Chicago, Ill. : Dee, 1997)

Uta G. Poiger, Jazz, Rock, and Rebels: Cold War Politics and American Culture in a Divided Germany (Berkeley, Calif.: University of Califoria Press, 2000)

Ben Sidran, Black Talk: How the Music of Black America Created a Radical Alternative to the Values of Western Literary Tradition (New York, Chicago, San Francisco: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971)

John F. Szwed, Jazz 101 : A Complete Guide to Learning and Loving Jazz (New York: Hyperion, 2000)

Frederick S. Starr, Red and Hot: Jazz in Rußland von 1917 – 1990 (Wien: Hannibal, 1990)

Joe Viera, Jazz: Musik unserer Zeit (Schaftlach: Oreos-Verlag, 1992)

Reinhold Wagnleiner, Coca-Colonization and the Cold War: The Cultural Mission of the United States in Austria after the Second World War (netLibrary 1999: eBook ISBN: 0585028982. Publisher: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, c1994 Print ISBN: 0807844551)

Reinhold Wagnleitner and Elaine Tyler May (eds.), "Here, There and Everywhere":  The Foreign Politics of American Popular Culture (Hanover, NH:
University Press of New England, 2000)    (=Salzburg Seminar Publications)

Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns, Jazz : An Illustrated History (New York: Knopf, 2000)

Klaus Wolbert, ed., That's Jazz: der Sound des 20. Jahrhunderts. Eine Musik-, Personen-, Kultur-, Sozial- und Mediengeschichte des Jazz von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart  (Frankfurt am Main: Zweitausendeins, 1997)

Mike Zwerin, La tristesse de Saint Louis: Swing unter den Nazis (Wien: Hannibal, 1988)



Herbie Hancock Presents Living Jazz: Explore the Jazz Evolution (Irvine, CA:
Graphix Zone, Hancock and Joe Productions, 1996) Windows & Macintosh CD-ROM

David Sharp, An Outline History of American Jazz/ CD-Beilagen (3), 1998


Jazz Zeitschriften und Informationsdienste

List of Periodicals and Jazz Magazines Worldwide (Jazz-Institut Darmstadt)

Music Journals and Magazines, Newspapers and Periodicals (William and Gayle Cook Music Library, Indiana University School of Music)

Down Beat (Chicago, seit 1934)


Fono Forum

Jazz Magazine

Jazz Pages


Le Jazz

Jazz Media Resources on the Internet

Offbeat Magazine

Rondo: Archiv Jazz Kritiken A-Z

The Jazz Thing

Jazz USA


William Claxton Photography

Gallery 41: Interviews, photographs, sounds

William P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz from The Music Division of the Library of Congress



Absolutely Jazz

America´s Jazz Heritage: The Smithsonian

America´s Jazz Heritage Exhibitions

Austrian JazzNet


Ken Burn´s Jazz: A History of American Music (PBS)

Center for Black Music Research

Center for Black Music Research : Related Links

Charles Mingus Homepage

Contemporary Jazz

Contemporary List of Jazzlinks

Culturekiosque Jazznet

Europe Jazz Network

Hip-Hop Nation: Roots, Rhymes, and Rage (Brooklyn Museum of Art)


International Association of Jazz Educators

Internet Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame

Improvisation Pages


Jazz Art


Jazz Central

Jazz Education and Musicianship


The Jazz Institute of Chicago

Jazz-Institut Darmstadt

Jazz Labels

Jazz Labels on the Internet

Jazz at Lincoln Center

Jazz Market

Jazz Now

Jazz Online

Jazz Review

Some Jazz Resources on the Internet

Jazz Roots

Jazzwelt Graz


Jelly Roll Morton -- Chicago Tribune Web Special [RealPlayer, Flash],1413,77,00.html

Leonard Feather

The Louis Armstrong Jazz Oral History Project: Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

Lost Jazz Shrines


Otis Ferguson on Jazz: John Hammond

The New York Public Library: Selected Music Resources on the Internet

Red, Hot, and Cool

The Red Hot Jazz Archive


Spotlight Biography: Jazz and Blues


University of New Orleans, Department of Music

The William Ransom Hogan Archive of New Orleans Jazz, Tulane University

The World Of Jazz Improvisation

The World of Jazz and Its Originators

World Wide Internet Music Resources

WWOZ Jazz Links

Jazz Radio Stations Online Jazz from Lincoln Center

Jazz Roots Rhythms: The San Francisco Global Music Network

Netradio Cafe Jazz

NPR Jazz

Radio Free New Orleans

WBGO Jazz 88.3 FM