SOPhiA 2013

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programm - Vortrag

Eine schöne Anordnung nicht-wörtlicher Bedeutungen
(Sprachphilosophie, Englisch)

This paper deals with the dogma that words have literal meaning that can be specified independently from conversational contexts. It focuses on the Davidsonian approach to malapropisms. The paper sketches an alternative that provides explanations for malapropisms roughly along the lines of the (later) Davidsonian programme but requires no literal meaning. A usage-based framework will be presented, in which the meaning of a given word type derives from the sum of its actual, past instantiations. ''Primary meaning'' is characterized as the homogenous majority of these instantiations. Knowledge of meaning is based on expectations which, again, are rooted in acquaintance with typical patterns of language use. In this sense, the core of Davidson's theory remains: determining intended meaning is to integrate ''prior'' knowledge and knowledge gained in a particular conversational situation. Still, one's semantics is deflated in that it does not require traditional, lexical meaning. Also, the divide between prior/passing theory vanishes, for the ''passing'' theory seems to suffice to account for both pragmatic meaning and its alleged semantic basis.

Chair: Theresa Marx
Zeit: 15:30-16:00, 13. September 2013 (Freitag)
Ort: HS 107

Alexander auf der Straße
(Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Deutschland)

Alexander auf der Straße (MA). Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf. 2011 Bachelor of Arts in philosophy and German linguistics (Ruhr-Universität Bochum). 2011 Master of Arts in Philosophy (Düsseldorf); thesis about adequacy constraints on functionalistic theories of mind. No publications but one on the Extended Mind hypothesis.

Testability and Meaning deco