SOPhiA 2013

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programm - Vortrag

The Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Deductive Reasoning as Cultural Phenomena
(Plenarvortrag, Englisch, Ort: HS 101)

This talk will present a dialogical account of deductive reasoning (narrowly construed, as involving necessary truth-preservation), focusing both on its ontogeny -- the onset of deductive reasoning in an individual reasoner -- and its phylogeny -- the historical emergence of the concept of deduction in Ancient Greece. In a slogan, the main claim of the paper is: when it comes to deduction, we may say that ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny. In both cases, we seem to be dealing with cultural, social phenomena; in particular, deductive reasoning skills must be trained for to be mastered (typically, in the context of formal schooling), as they do not arise spontaneously in untrained reasoners. But I will also argue that some 'mundane' forms of dialogical interaction such as story-telling and adversarial betting may also cue untrained reasoners to perform closer to the deductive canons. This is so precisely in virtue of the inherent ialogical nature of deductive reasoning.

Chair: Albert J.J. Anglberger
Zeit: 14:00-15:30, 12. September 2013 (Donnerstag)
Ort: HS 101

Catarina Dutilh-Novaes
(University of Groningen, Niederlande)

Catarina Dutilh-Novaes is an Assistant Professor and Rosalind Franklin Fellow at the Department of Theoretical Philosophy of the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Groningen. She is also an external member of the Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy and an editor for the Review of Symbolic Logic. Her main fields of research are history and philosophy of logic. She also have general interests in medieval philosophy, philosophy of psychology and cognitive science, philosophy of mathematics, general philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, and empirically-informed approaches to philosophy in general. Currently (2011-2016) she is also leading the research project "The Roots of Deduction". Recent publications: "Formal Languages in Logic - A Philosophical and Cognitive Analysis", Cambridge, 2012 and "Mathematical reasoning and external symbolic systems", Logique & Analyse, 2013. For more information about Catarina Dutilh-Novaes see website1  &   website2!

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