SOPhiA 2013

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

SOPhiA ToolsDE-pageEN-page.DS_STORE-page._.DS_STORE-page

Programm - Vortrag

Styles of Scientific Reasoning and Pluralist Theories of Truth
(Erkenntnistheorie, Englisch)

In my paper I will focus on the conception of truth implied by Ian Hacking's theory of the styles of scientific reasoning; in particular I will develop his recent suggestion that such theory entails a pluralist conception of truth similar to Crispin Wright's one. Therefore at first I will introduce the notion of style of reasoning and I will discuss the virtuous circle which links styles of reasoning to the truth. In fact, although experience is the ultimate tribunal of scientific statements, Hacking claims that the correspondence theory of truth is not enough to explain scientific knowledge at all, since it does not apply to styles. A style is the condition for the possibility of scientific statements in a certain scientific field, i.e., it enables the formulation of candidates for truth-or-falsehood (verifiable or falsifiable assertions in scientific discourses): styles do not determine the truth value of statements (this role pertains to reality), but rather they create the possibility of truth-value attributions. A statement can be true only within a style, but we know that a style is good just because it gets at the truth. Since styles are historical and field-dependent things, there are different standards of truth-or-falsehood in distinct domains. Consequently, at second, I will argue that these observations lead to a pluralistic theory of truth, which affirms that the property of truth diverges across different domains of discourse. Although this family of theories of truth was born to account for the different ways of being true of propositions from different discipline such as science, ethics, aesthetics and mathematics, its intuitions can be valid also within scientific knowledge if (following Hacking's theory) we assume that scientific truth behaves differently according to contexts, domains and methods of verification. However, such an extension of pluralist theories is possible only after a revision of the concept of ''domain of discourse'' which justifies the emergence of truth-or-falsehood candidates from their respective fields.

Chair: Dejan Makovec
Zeit: 14:45-15:15, 14. September 2013 (Samstag)
Ort: HS 105

Marco Marletta
(University of Palermo, Italien)

Marco Marletta (MA phil.). University of Palermo. 2010 baccalaureate in philosophy; 2012 master in philosophy; thesis about Thomas Kuhn's Thesis of Incommensurability. Publications in philosophy of science.

Testability and Meaning deco