SOPhiA 2013

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programm - Vortrag

Moderne Auffassung des Modells von Toulmin
(Geschichte der Logik & Argumentationstheorie, Englisch)

Questions related to the field of argumentation hold a special place in the history of philosophy. Many researchers applied to the problem of finding universal standards for argument defining and evaluation in different fields of study. A considerable role in this was played by the Vienna Circle and their conception of logical positivism that caused using the apparatus of mathematical logic.

A significant contribution in reflection upon these issues in the XX century was made by notable British philosopher Steven Toulmin. In his work ''Uses of argument'' he suggested a new model of argumentation that is ''more perfect'' than Aristotle's one.

According to this, in the formal valid way can be expressed arguments of the kind ''Data; Warrant; So, Claim'' (substantial arguments) and ''Data; Backing; So, Claim'' (analytic arguments).

Proving his position, the philosopher appealed to the past thinkers contributions. Particularly these were Herbert Hard's reflections about refutations, Isaac Newton's view on using our observations of regularities as the backing for a novel warrant and Gilbert Ryle's arguing that only warrant-using arguments should be referred to as inferences.

Current researchers' positions about Toulmin's model are highlighted in a special volume of the interdisciplinary journal ''Argumentation''. In these articles authors referred to different aspects. For instance, Lilian Bermejo-Luque wrote about the specter of relativism, while Olaf Tans mentioned the complexities of practical reasoning. Apart from this were analyzed components of this new model by James Klummp and Wouter Slob.

Overall, exploring Toulmin's model is valuable for reconsideration of a current level of argumentation in academic researching. Invented for analysis within jurisprudence, it was spread widely to rhetoric, communication and lately to computer sciences. These notable examples emphasize that Toulmin's ideas are relevant.

Chair: Christian Wimmer
Zeit: 15:30-16:00, 14. September 2013 (Samstag)
Ort: HS 104

Iuliia Krisheminska
(National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine)

Iuliia Krisheminska (Undergraduate phil.). National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy. 2014 baccalaureate in philosophy; report about the Toulmin Model of Argumentation.

Testability and Meaning deco