SOPhiA 2017

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

SOPhiA ToolsDE-pageEN-page

Programme - Talk

The Hological Method: Principles of Carnapian Explication Transposed to Philosophical Claims at Large
(Metaphysics and Ontology, English)

What is the hological method? Hological is defined as relating to the study of the whole, or a philosophical holology. The hological method is a new method of analysis, clarification, and argumentation that seeks to explicate broad philosophical claims, with the simultaneous aim of providing a basis upon which to rank competitive claims. To truly explicate a claim such as 'X is the best available ethical or political theory': as such claims are often implicit in arguing for a particular theory, a hological inquiry must be undertaken.
The hological method is able to articulate the full grounding of philosophical claims in metaphysical parameters, epistemology, metaphilosophical parameters, and ontology, with logical soundness. This initial grounding fully explicates claims within this primary core, and seeks their corresponding extension into ethics and morality, or more downstream philosophical branches such as political philosophy and aesthetics, depending on the claim.
After briefly examining the metaphysical, epistemological, and metaphilosophical foundations that allow for the possibility of the application of the hological method, this essay moves to explain the hological method by a transposition of the principles for explication in Rudolph Carnap's "The Logical Foundations of Probability". Special attention is given to what makes the hological method capable of evaluating and ranking competing philosophical claims, where it might be applied, potential objections, the role of conceptual analysis and clarification in the method regarding definitions, and how the hological method has hitherto been practiced subconsciously in philosophy, historically. As Carnap called for the transformation of an inexact, prescientific concept into a new exact concept, the hological method seeks to transform inexact, specialized philosophical claims into exact and aggregate claims in a move to increase philosophy's efficacy.

Chair: Kyrke Otto
Time: 15:40-16:10, 14 September 2017 (Thursday)
Location: SR 1.003

Zach Johnson 
(St. John's University, United States)

An undergraduate student at St. John's University, studying philosophy and graduating (Fall 2017) with plans to pursue a Ph.D and work in education policy research and/or private business. Specializes in the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche and seeks to develop new approaches to philosophy. Research assistant for philosopher Douglas B. Rasmussen, who specializes in political philosophy, ethics, ontology, and epistemology. Currently working on two related, book-length manuscripts.

Testability and Meaning deco