SOPhiA 2017

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programme - Talk

The Problems of Crosscutting and Folk Categories in Biology
(Philosophy of Science, English)

In this article we will analyze the problems of crosscutting between the categories. We will also analyze the problems of folk categories. Problems will be analyzed using the examples from biology. We will help use mainly the works of Muhammad Ali Khalidi and Ian Hacking. The question that Muhammad Ali Khalidi asked in his work Natural Kinds and Crosscutting Categories is whether the systems categories crosscut. Categories that crosscut in the sciences are common and they can't be eliminated as non-real kinds, says Khalidi (Khalidi, 1998, p. 40).

When a scientific category is replaced by the folk category it is because of the same interests, argues Khalidi (Khalidi, 1998, p. 44) Replacing the folk category with scientific, it is more widespread in certain sciences such as medicine, explains Khalidi (Khalidi, 1998, p. 44).

We will analyze the question if the crosscutting categories can be natural kinds and if the natural kinds are arranged in a hierarchy. Here we will also help with Khalidi's work. Khalidi says that the crosscutting categories are not only popular among real scientific classification systems, but are also present in folk categories. He says that the reason that the categories can crosscut with each other without being rivals is in the fact that they do not have the same interests (Khalidi, 1998, p. 45).

Literature:

-- Hacking, I. (1993). Work in a new world: The taxonomic solution. In Paul Horwich (ed.), World Changes. MIT Press. pp. 275-310.
-- Khalidi, A., M. (2013). Natural Categories and Human Kinds. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.
-- Khalidi, A., M. (1998). Natural Kinds and Crosscutting Categories. V The Journal of Philosophy, Vol95, No 1. str. 33-50.
-- Thomason, R. (1969). Species, Determinates and Natural Kinds. No's 3 (1):95-101.
-- Winston, J. E. (1999). Describing species. Practical taxonomic procedure for biologists. New York: Columbia University Press.

Chair: Birgit Benzing
Time: 15:40-16:10, 14 September 2017 (Thursday)
Location: SR 1.006
Remark: CHANGE. The talk is cancelled!

Urška Martinc 
(University of Maribor, Slovenia)

Urška Martinc

Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts, University of Maribor

Title: Professor of Biology and Philosophy

Second year Ph.D. Student

Assistent laborant for Biology at the Faculty of Education.



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