SOPhiA 2017

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programme - Talk

BY SHiP, BuY a SHeeP or an eBaY SHoP? Lessons from the Language of Hebrew Scripture for Contemporary Theories of Metaphor
(Philosophy of Language, English)

In my presentation I analyze the language of the Hebrew Scripture and based on it I propose new aspects for modern Theories of Metaphor. First of all I would like to present some essential characteristics of the Hebrew Language. The Hebrew Language uses only consonants (in the majority of cases); there are no vowels in the words. When we read a newspaper or a book there are only consonants in the text, so a word can be pronounced several ways. Moreover, in the scrolls of the Hebrew Scripture there are no sentences, but only bigger sections in the text. Therefore if somebody wants to read a sentence in Hebrew, he first has to understand the meaning of the text before reading it out. According to the language of the Hebrew Scripture it is evident, that we can not speak about a first literal meaning and a second metaphorical meaning that is based on the first literal meaning (as several Theories of Metaphor suggest it), but instead we should consider a first meaning which can be literal or metaphorical, and a second meaning which can also be literal or metaphorical. The first meaning is the one that is the most relevant according to the context. Furthermore, I would like to demonstrate in my presentation, that the metaphorical utterances have propositional content, which differs from the propositional content of its literal meaning, and then that the propositional content of the metaphorical utterances can be direct, while the literal meaning can be indirect.

Chair: Rares Fogas
Time: 11:10-11:40, 15 September 2017 (Friday)
Location: SR 1.005

Szilvia Finta 
(Saint Paul Academy, Hungary)

Szilvia Finta finished her M.A. studies in Philosophy at Eötvös Loránd University this year, in January. She holds a Ph.D. in Judaic Sciences from Jewish Theological Seminary (University of Jewish Studies). She is an assistant professor at Saint Paul Academy. Her current research interests include the principal subdisciplines of Analytic Philosophy vs. Biblical / Rabbinic Theology (for example Logic, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind etc.), exegesis (Rabbinic Midrash) and Jewish Philosophy.

Testability and Meaning deco