SOPhiA 2018

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programme - Talk

The Fundamental Model of Deep Disagreements
(Epistemology, English)

Disagreements have been a chief concern for epistemologists for some time now; but recently there has been a budding interest in a certain kind of intractable disagreement: deep disagreements. I start this presentation by characterizing what deep disagreements are in a theoretically neutral way. I do this by pointing to the most used characteristics found in the literature to describe deep disagreements. Roughly, deep disagreements are thought of as clashes between different worldviews, which generate a kind of disagreement that is intractable and for which no adjudication procedure is available. I then introduce three desiderata I believe any theory of deep disagreements should be able to meet. In the second part of the presentation, I analyze what I take to be the most prevalent group of views of deep disagreements in epistemology: The Fundamental Model. The theories included in the Fundamental Model conceptualize deep disagreements as clashes between fundamental epistemic resources (epistemic principles, sources, methods, etc.), hence the name. Finally, I state the challenges theories based on epistemic fundamental differences face when trying to meet the desiderata mentioned. My goal in this presentation is twofold. First, I draw a rudimentary metaepistemological landscape in which theories of deep disagreements can be evaluated. Second, I highlight the shortcomings that views based on fundamental differences have, and thus motivate a moderate scepticism towards such a model.

Chair: Christian Feldbacher-Escamilla
Time: 10:00-10:30, 13 September 2018 (Thursday)
Location: SR 1.004

Victoria Lavorerio 
(University of Vienna, Austria)

I am a second-year PhD student at the University of Vienna, under the supervision of Univ-Prof. Dr Martin Kusch. My dissertation project concerns the epistemology of deep disagreements; what they are, why they occur, and how they are to be resolved. I aim to develop a Wittgenstein-inspired novel account of deep disagreements where his notion of pictures (Bild), as used in his later thought, plays a crucial role. I did my Master in Analytic Philosophy at the University of Barcelona and completed my B.A. in philosophy at the University of the Republic in Uruguay, where I am originally from.

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