SOPhiA 2018

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programme - Talk

Evidence-based Medicine, Evidence and Medical Knowledge
(Philosophy of Science, English)

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has become extremely popular in medicine since the 1990s, albeit its agenda has been the subject to critique from different philosophical positions (cf. Marcum 2016). In my talk I will attempt to clarify EBM's agenda and some of its notions.
I will firstly introduce the agenda of evidence-based medicine (EBM) and some of its proposed evidence hierarchies. Secondly, I will attempt to characterise EBM's understanding of evidence. Thirdly, I will introduce Sadegh-Zadeh's definition of 'evidence' in medicine and his theory about the communal origin of medical knowledge (cf. Sadegh-Zadeh 2015). I will use this definition and theory to reformulate and classify EBM's agenda and its evidence hierarchies. In this context I will examine the role of RCTs in medicine.
With my talk I hope to contribute to the philosophical discussions about medical practice and clarify notions as 'EBM' and 'evidence in EBM'.

Literature:
Cartwright, Nancy (2011): A Philosopher's View of the Long Road from RCTs to Effectiveness, The Lancet, 377. 1400-1401
Marcum, James A. (2016): The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine. Bloomsbury Publishing: London, Oxford.
Sackett, David et al (1996): Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ, 312. 71-72.
Sadegh-Zadeh, Kazem (2015): Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer: Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York.
Worrall, John (2002): What Evidence in Evidence-Based Medicine, Philosophy of Science, 69. 316-330.

Chair: Mariusz Maziarz
Time: 10:40-11:10, 13 September 2018 (Thursday)
Location: SR 1.005

Till Gallasch 
(Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Germany)

Till Gallasch is a master's student at the Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Germany. During the winter semester 2017/2018 he was an exchange student at the Prais Lodron University of Salzburg. Philosophy of language, philosophy of medicine, epistemology and metaphysics are his main interests. He is currently writing his MA-thesis about philosophy of medicine.

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