SOPhiA 2018

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programme - Talk

Paraphrastic Analysis in Kazimerz Ajdukiewicz's Critique of Idealism
(Philosophical Methodology, English)

The term 'paraphrastic analysis' was introduced by Michael Beaney (King's College, London). He claims that there are three core modes of analysis from which the most important for analytic philosophy is the interpretive mode, which is concerned to "translate" something into particular framework. Interpretive analysis includes numerous conceptions. One of them is paraphrastic (resp. transformative) analysis. Beaney takes under consideration the works of Frege, Russell and Carnap. However, this kind of analysis also played an important role as a method used and developed in Lviv-Warsaw School of Philosophy.
We can speak about paraphrastic analysis in the works of Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, Stanisław Leśniewski, Tadeusz Kotarbiński, Alfred Tarski. Paraphrase is fundamental for Ajdukiewicz's project of semantical epistemology. Jan Woleński (Jagiellonian University, Cracow) shows that Tarski's semantic theory of truth is a formal paraphrase of the classical Aristotelian conception of truth. Kotarbiński's project of semantical reism is also based on paraphrasing (very similar to Carnap's method of explication).
In this paper I want to concentrate on Ajdukiewicz's approach to paraphrase, since his method has a great philosophical potential. He developed, what he called, semantic paraphrase. The basic procedure here is to specify the language in which the given problem is formulated (e. g. the main theses of the considered system), so that it could be reformulated in a formal language. Then, the problem can be solved within the framework of the latter language. This method has various applications. The best examples of paraphrasing are Ajdukiewicz's critiques of both metaphysical and epistemological idealism. I am going to present arguments from his three papers on the topic. I want to show how fruitful can paraphrastic analysis be, but I am also going to point out some of the essential problems associated with this method (of some of them Ajdukiewicz was well aware of).

Chair: Albert Anglberger
Time: 10:40-11:10, 14 September 2018 (Friday)
Location: SR 1.005

Aleksandra Gomułczak 
(Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland)

I was born in 1989 in Poland. I am a student of philosophy and art history. My main interest lies in analytic philosophy and methodology of philosophy.

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