SOPhiA 2021

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programme - Talk

Models, Signs and Metaphors and the Law: an Outline of a Peircean Framework
(Philosophy of Science, )

In modern scientific practice the role of models exceeds that of auxiliary heuristic tools, as they are a key element of research methodology and are indispensable in presenting results in an intelligible way. Models are more than mere representations and fulfill many different functions depending on the area of research and the specifics of the study. But can we say that we are actually dealing with models in jurisprudence? It seems so, taking into account the common use of this notion. It is therefore worth investigating how exactly does the concept of a model function in explanations appropriate to this particular field of social sciences. In my presentation, I will follow Kralemann and Lattman's (2012) proposal to interpret models as a special kind of signs as understood by C.S. Peirce in order to analyse different kinds of models pertaining to the area of jurisprudence. As Weisberg (2016) suggests, in philosophical contexts modeling is usually described as surrogate reasoning based on an indirect representation of the target system. Such models can be constituted by complexes of interconnected metaphors (see Hardt, 2016). Therefore, I will pay particular attention to the Peircean category of metaphors which is characterized by particular mapping relations. Finally, I will argue that this way of describing models in jurisprudence provides a conceptual framework facilitating the application of useful notions from the field of cognitive linguistics, namely conceptual metaphors as described by Wojtczak (2017).

Selected bibliography (texts available in English):

Kralemann, B., & Lattmann, C. (2013). Models as icons: modeling models in the semiotic framework of Peirce's theory of signs. Synthese, 190(16), 3397-3420.

Hardt, Ł. (2016). On Similarities in Modelling and Metaphorizing Economic Phenomena. Studia Metodologiczne, 36, 147-174.

Weisberg, M. (2016). Modeling. In H. Cappelen et al. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of philosophical methodology (pp. 262--286). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wojtczak, S. (2017). The Metaphorical Engine of Legal Reasoning and Legal Interpretation. Warsaw: CH Beck.

Chair: Ina Jäntgen
Time: 10:00-10:30, 10 September 2021 (Friday)
Location: SR 1.006

Wojciech Graboń 
(University of Warsaw, Poland)

I am a second-year doctoral student in philosophy at the Doctoral School of Humanities at the University of Warsaw. I hold Master's Degrees in Law from the University of Warsaw (2019) and the University of Poitiers (French and European Commercial Law, 2020), and a Master's Degree in Philosophy from the University of Warsaw (2019). I mainly deal with the issues of representational models in the contemporary philosophy of science and how these models function in the field of social, in particular legal, sciences. A large part of my analyses concern the philosophical foundations of interdisciplinary research and the methodology of sciences in comparative terms. I currently work as a research assistant at the University of Warsaw, Law and Administration Faculty on a project funded by the National Science Center of Poland (Analysis of the concept of a legal person from an ontological and linguistic perspective; Principal Investigator: Paweł Banaś PhD).

Testability and Meaning deco