SOPhiA 2021

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programme - Talk

Throffers. The nature and logic of coercive proposals
(Philosophy of Language, )

From playing a pivotal role in Pablo Escobar's mafia regime in during the 80's to be a central figure in the enforcement of intenational law, throffers are an important yet often overlooked concept in theories of coercion. Throffers are a kind of coercive proposals in which compliance guarantees an improvement of the recipient's situation when compared to a situation where the proposal was not made; refusal guarantees deterioration of the recipient's situation when compared to a situation where the proposal was not made. The most famous example of throffers is the following: ``If you go to the movies, I'll give you $10,000. If you don't go, I'll kill you'', but other examples can be put forward easily: for instance, Pablo's famous ``plata o plomo'' (``money or lead''), where the Medellín Cartel often bribed public authorities by offering money in case the official was willing to help the Cartel (plata/money) yet threatening with death in case of non-compliance (plomo/lead, that is, getting shot) can be read as promising money for compliance and death otherwise.

Although the literature on the subject has not been extensive, throffers are often regarded as coercive proposals that can be explained in terms of threats and/or offers and are formalized as an indicative biconditional of the form ¬p ↔ q. I believe that both theses are wrong. And so, in this paper I present a systematic account of throffers along with a logic of coercive proposals where I (1) characterize them as coercive proposals that cannot be reduced to either threats nor offers and (2) attempt to formalize them as a conjunction of conditionals of the form
p → (¬s ∧ q) ∧ ¬p → (s ∧¬q). I will argue that the logic of coercive proposals is a definettian trivalent logic with a TT-validity schema together with Cooper-Cantwell conditionals.

Chair: Nursan Celik
Time: 14:00-14:30, 09 September 2021 (Thursday)
Location: SR 1.007
Remark: (Online Talk)

Pablo Rivas-Robledo 
(Universidad de La Sabana, Colombia)

Long version short, I am a Colombian philosopher and lawyer who until recently played various musical instruments. I enjoy bizarre movies and love olives. Besides that, I consider I have very broad philosophical interests for anything except for political philosophy.
I like to write about logic and how can it be applied to solve some problems in our ordinary life, especially in legal contexts. Studying law has given the opportunity to get a lot of context of my country, which in turn I try to turn into good examples that I can use in my writing.


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