SOPhiA 2021

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programme - Talk

Panpsychism and the Laws of Metaphysics
(Philosophy of Mind, )

A Panpsychism is the view that experience is fundamental and ubiquitous. Experience is not reducible to or explicable in terms of entirely non-experiential features of reality. And the experience is in some sense involved with everything. For panpsychism fundamental constituents of reality instantiate experience. The fundamental constituents are the microphysical entities postulated by physical science. To explain the phenomenal consciousness of a human being (for example) is to explain the fact that the experience of humans is based on the experience of the fundamental constituents of reality. From the above, it follows that the main concern of panpsychism is the combination problem. If the experience of humans, or other dependent entities, are based on the experience of the microphysical entities, then it is difficult to explain how the microphysical entities with their micro-experiences bound together to form a macrophysical entity with their respective macroexperiences. Of course, there are some attempts to solve the combination problem. Some are based on causality and emergence, others based on grounding (and related notions). But none of these so-called solutions has the recognition as the solution. And this is because it fails to track the ontological chains of dependence. There is no (causal or grounding) explanation of the fact that the experience of humans is based on the experience of the fundamental constituents of reality. Then, it is necessary to add something more, a principle that works to give more explanation power and ensures the connection between the fundamental and the dependent. The latter could do by the addition/postulation of laws of metaphysics. For laws of metaphysics, I understand supporting linking principles that involve generalizations to connect occurring conditions, the source, to outcome conditions, the result. Therefore, the purpose of the work is to elaborate a (new and better) solution to the combination problem for panpsychism based on the laws of metaphysics.

Chair: Matej Drazil
Time: 14:40-15:10, 09 September 2021 (Thursday)
Location: SR 1.005
Remark: (Online Talk)

Esteban Ortiz 
(IIF-SADAF-CONICET/UBA, )



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