SOPhiA 2021

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programme - Talk

On possibility of pragmatic invariantism
(Philosophy of Language, )

Epistemic contextualists argue that ``know'' is context-sensitive. Several widely-known arguments include DeRose's (2009) The Bank case, the Thelma, Louise, and Lena case, or Cohen's (1999) the Airport case. Each demonstrates how credible it is to attribute knowledge in one context and deny it in the context with higher stakes (bets, interests, importance, etc.). When cases are properly constructed, we naturally tend to find them plausible. This fact even got some support from experimental philosophy (Hansen & Chemla, 2013; Turri, 2017). Thus, there exists a severe challenge for invariantism that endorses ``know'' to be independent of context. In my talk, I would like to defend pragmatic invariantism. Following Brown(2006) and Rysiew (2007), I argue that it is possible to explain contextualist cases with Gricean notion of implicature. For instance, Keith's claim that ``I don't know the bank is open on Saturday'' might have an implicature that he does not acquire enough evidence. In my view, this is the most promising way to defend invariantism today. Contextualism that makes a semantic claim about ``know'' might be cut out by Grice's razor if one gives the pragmatic explanation. In my talk, I attempt to provide such an explanation.

Chair: Gabriel Levc
Time: 17:30-18:00, 09 September 2021 (Thursday)
Location: SR 1.007

Nikolai Shurakov 
(University of Tartu, Estonia)

I am PhD in Philosophy student at University of Tartu (Estonia). My research project is called ``Knowing Indexicals''. It explores the way we can know context-sensitive items.

Testability and Meaning deco