SOPhiA 2022

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

SOPhiA ToolsDE-pageEN-page

Programm - Vortrag

The Guise of the Reasonable
(Epistemology, Englisch)

Being responsive to reasons requires having a capacity to follow the normative standards that govern what acts and attitudes are permitted in given circumstances. I call this capacity rational agency. Accordingly, an act or attitude is an exercise of rational agency just in case it is based on a reason. This paper addresses two questions about rational agency and its exercises. First, what is the nature of the basing relation, i.e., the relation that holds between a reason R and an act or attitude phi for which it is a reason? Second, what is the nature of rational agency itself, i.e., the capacity to think, feel, and act on the basis of a reason?



I argue that all exercises of rational agency are undertakings the agent recognizes as reasonable, and which are guided by that recognition. I call this the Guise of the Reasonable Thesis (GoR). Put otherwise, GoR states that S's phi-ing is based on R if, and only if, S is taking R to be a good reason why she is phi-ing. I defend GoR and account for its reflexivity by appealing to the nature of rational agency. In contrast to other capacities, rational agency is a self-conscious capacity whose exercises are partly explained by grounds that are not independent from those exercises, i.e., S's taking R to be a good reason to phi is constitutive of S's phi-ing for R. Finally, I argue that the only representation that can play such a 'taking' role is a form of agential act-awareness.

Chair:
Zeit: 14:00-14:30, 09. September 2022 (Freitag)
Ort: SR 1.003

Cristian Vulpe
(University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA)



Testability and Meaning deco