SOPhiA 2022

Salzburgiense Concilium Omnibus Philosophis Analyticis

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Programm - Vortrag

Wie ist es ein Vertreter vom Perspektivischem Realismus zu sein. Die Spektrumanalogie
(Philosophy of Science, Englisch)

Perspectival realism (PR) claims that scientific knowledge is historically and culturally situated, and, thus, relative to a particular scientific community from a given historical episode (cf. Massimi 2022). From PR, it follows that there is a plethora of scientific perspectives across the history of science. Now, although there is a historical commitment to epistemic pluralism, defenders of PR try to formulate also a commitment to scientific realism, i.e., that there is, besides the historical situatedness of scientific knowledge, a perspective-independent world (e.g., entities, laws, properties) (cf. Massimi 2018). The issue of integrating the two claims is referred to as "the commitment problem" (CTP) of PR (cf. Cre&_355;u 2020).

One central question of the proposal is "Which is the proper realist commitment PR should take for solving the CTP?" The diagnosis I furnish is that PR is not a single, unique philosophical position; rather, behind PR lurks a spectrum of possible interpretations (many ways of resolving/answers to the CTP) with epistemic pluralism on the left extreme side and traditional scientific realism on the right extreme side of the spectrum. Accordingly, I bring forward four formulations of PR (PR1 __ PR4) in order to solve the challenge of CTP.

I provide a thorough cost-benefit analysis of PR1 - PR4, and I end the presentation with the belief in a positive resolution of the CTP. I shall argue that PR1 (left/pluralist side of the spectrum) seems, at the first glance, to be akin to a form of nominalism, while PR4 (right/ realist side) seems to collapse in a form of traditional scientific realism. Similarly, while PR3 (center of the spectrum, leaning to the right side of the spectrum) seems to generate a friction with the commitment to epistemic pluralism, PR2 (center, leaning to the left) seems to not be realist enough for solving CTP.

Key-words: perspectival realism, epistemic pluralism, scientific realism, the commitment problem

Cre&_539;u, Ana-Maria (2020), "Natural Kinds as Real Patterns: Or How to Solve the Commitment Problem for Perspectival Realism"

Massimi, Michela (2018), "A Perspectivist Better Best System Account of Lawhood"

Massimi, Michela (2022), "Perspectival ontology: between situated knowledge and multiculturalism"

Chair: Oyku Ulusoy
Zeit: 15:20-15:50, 09. September 2022 (Freitag)
Ort: SR 1.004
Anmerkung: (Online Talk)

Daian Bica
(Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Romania/Germany)

Testability and Meaning deco